This booklet replaces the following State Archives publications:
Publication # 24,
Guidelines for Planning and Conducting a Records Inventory
Publication # 43,
Guidelines for Planning Local Government Records Programs
Table of Contents
Planning the Inventory
A records inventory is the foundation of sound records management, and is often the first step in establishing a records management program. No matter how you organize your records, an inventory can provide an overview that will help you manage these records in the future. During an inventory you will locate, identify, and describe all records series held by your local government or state agency, whether the records are in electronic, paper, micrographic, or any other format. At the end of an inventory, you will have a good idea of the type and quantity of records created and maintained by your local government or agency, and probably some understanding of how to manage them more efficiently.After completing the inventory, you should conduct both an appraisal and a needs assessment to help you assemble short- and long-term plans for managing your records. These four components-inventory, records appraisal, needs assessment, and management plan-are essential steps in developing a strong records management program. This booklet provides local governments and state agencies with advice on how and when to conduct an inventory and how to plan for the development or improvement of a records management program. Although the process of conducting an inventory may be time-consuming, in the end you should see many advantages. An inventory can
Planning the Inventory
Support from everyone who creates or uses records is critical for a successful inventory, since inventory workers will be in and out of storage and office areas and will probably ask the rest of the staff questions about specific records. If upper management supports an inventory, then securing cooperation from everyone else will be easier. Let staff know the purpose and timetable of the inventory and reassure them that an inventory is not an audit. The RMO should actively oversee the inventory, whether it is carried out by workers hired for the project or by current staff. An organizational chart will help inventory workers determine who to contact across the government or agency, and how departments and their records relate to one another.Set a schedule Develop a timetable that clearly assigns responsibility for all activities, estimates the inventory schedule for each area, and allows time to both evaluate the inventory and develop a program plan. The timetable should include clear deadlines, although you may have to adjust the schedule as work progresses. The plan should lay out the schedule of department and unit inventories, with estimates of staff hours necessary to complete each task. Estimate roughly how long an inventory will take. Most organizations should plan about one hour of inventory per 1 to 2 cubic feet of records. The larger the number of records involved, the faster the inventory rate should proceed. Most large organizations can easily inventory at a rate of 2 cubic feet per hour, since they will have a number of very large records series that take only a little bit longer to inventory than a small series. (You can quickly inventory even a large series by looking at a set of samples from the series; there is no need to review the whole series.) If your organization has few records (750 cubic feet or less), you will probably have many more smaller series, so you should estimate an inventory rate of 1 cubic foot per hour. Keep in mind that electronic records will usually take longer to inventory because estimates by cubic feet don't work with them. The scope and complexity of this timetable will vary from one organization to another, but you should build in some review dates to monitor progress and adjust the schedule as needed.
Conduct a survey
Before conducting a full inventory, you might consider doing an initial survey of your organization's records situation, beginning with the departments or offices that you think would be most cooperative. Many people use initial surveys to estimate the size of the inventory project and thus plan for it. If this is the case with you, use Appendix F, "Table of Cubic-Foot Equivalents," at the end of this booklet to help you determine the volume of records in file cabinets and other storage equipment. Other organizations might want to hire a consultant to carry out a survey in concert with a detailed analysis of the overall records system, relying on the consultant's needs assessment report in place of a full inventory. If you will hire a consultant to write your plan, see Publication # 44, Records Management Consultants, for direction.
Conducting the Inventory
A logical first step is to visit individual supervisors to explain the inventory process and how it will benefit each office. Supervisors should understand that inventory workers will need access to all records (including electronic records and those on microfilm) and that they will need to ask questions as they work. The project director should reassure supervisors and staff that the purpose of the inventory is to help them manage their files, not to criticize current filing methods.Draw a map of the location Inventory staff should begin by drawing a map of the physical layout of each new area, numbering each piece of records storage equipment (such as filing cabinets and shelves), and noting the location of each records series. For an example of an office map, see Appendix E, "Sample Office Map." Collect information on each records series The simplest approach to conducting an inventory is to describe records series as a unit, rather than as related records that are used and filed in individual folders. Using the form provided in Appendix A, "Records Inventory Data Worksheet," inventory workers should complete one inventory worksheet per records series per location. If there are additional records in another storage area that are part of the same series, complete another worksheet for that location. This will ensure efficient access and retrieval of records after the inventory. For detailed instructions on filling out the worksheet, see Appendix B, "Instructions for Completing the Records Inventory Data Worksheet." For an example of a completed form, see Appendix C, "Sample Completed Records Inventory Data Worksheet." Store inventory data in a database Since the inventory worksheet collects data in separate fields, you can copy the structure of the form to create an electronic inventory by using any off-the-shelf database software package. Having the inventory information in a database allows you to identify all locations of a fragmented records series and is fairly easy to keep up to date. Since an automated database will help you manage your records long after the inventory has been completed, you should consider purchasing database software during the planning phase of the inventory. Contact the State Archives Regional Advisory Officer in your region for advice on how to proceed. See Appendix D, "Sample Inventory Database Output," for one example of how you can evaluate and use your inventory data once you have it in a database.
Using the Inventory Data
After completing the worksheets, you should use the data collected to appraise the records and create a needs assessment. Only by evaluating and using the data you have collected can you guarantee a successful records inventory.
Appraisal involves evaluating the records and determining their administrative, fiscal, legal, historical, and research value. Appraisal will identifyWhich records are vital
After considering these issues, you can set priorities and determine how to solve the problems identified in your needs assessment. Then you will be ready for the next step-developing a plan.
Preparing a Records Management Plan
What is records management program planning?
You must develop a records management program that meets the current and future needs of your organization. The records inventory, appraisal, and needs assessment are the preliminary work toward a records management plan. A plan is a road map to a destination, or a set of guidelines for getting a job done. But any records management plan must be practical and realistic. Although the length, amount of detail, and exact makeup of a plan will vary, all plans will address three questions:
A records management plan should examine the current records situation, describe both short-term and long-term goals, and identify what resources might be needed to achieve those goals. Long‑term plans usually cover a three to five-year framework and the broader purposes of the program. Short‑term plans, usually covering one year, indicate exactly what the program is expected to accomplish in the near future.An organization can prepare a records management plan at just about any point in its existence. It is desirable, but not essential, to have a records ordinance or policy statement as a point of departure for the plan. It may also be useful to have a records advisory board in place when developing and implementing the management plan. You may decide to write the plan in-house or to hire a records management consultant to write it. If hiring a consultant, see Publication # 44, Records Management Consultants, for direction.
Why Records program planning is important
A sound records management program plan
Most plans have three levels:(1) Mission statement (2) Goals (3) Objectives This does not mean that the planning process must be long or difficult, or that the plan itself must be long and elaborate. In fact, for a plan to be viable, it must be concise, clear, realistic, and practical. Plans should be flexible, and they should meet an organization's needs rather than fit a prescribed pattern. Your Regional Advisory Officer can help you develop or review your plan. For examples of records management plans, see Appendix G, "Sample Records Management Plans."
For More Information and Assistance
The New York State Archives provides direct advice to local governments and state agencies on how to conduct a records inventory and how to plan and develop a records management program. The Archives has regional offices throughout the state, and each office has a records specialist who can visit you and provide technical advice and assistance. Archives services also include publications and workshops on a wide variety of records management topics. For further information, contact your regional office, or
Government Records Services
New York State Archives
State Education Department
9A47 Cultural Education Center
Albany, New York 12230
Records Inventory Data Worksheet
Instructions for Completing the Records Inventory Data Worksheet
Use the Records Inventory Data Worksheet when conducting your inventory to help ensure consistent and complete data collection. Information gathered in the worksheets
If the records series has a common or colloquial name, note this name in the series description (field 4).
3. Date SpanProvide the beginning and ending dates of the records series (e.g., 1978-1990). For ongoing series use "9999" as the end date (e.g., 1971-9999) or use the word "current" or "ongoing." (Using a set number such as "9999" allows you the ability to search and sort on that number if you maintain your data in a database.) Use "ca." for circa, meaning "approximately," when you cannot determine exact dates (e.g., ca. 1977-ca. 1991). If there are significant gaps in the date span, indicate them in the series description (field 4).
4. Records Series DescriptionThe description helps you match records series to relevant schedule items, determine how long to retain unscheduled records, and appraise records for ongoing historical significance. It should include basic information concerning the contents and purpose of the records series. You can also indicate any gaps in dates, particularly significant items found in the series, or common or colloquial names used to describe the series. For Electronic Records Descriptions of electronic recordkeeping systems should indicate names of software and hardware required for access, as well as the data formats of the records. You should also provide a brief description of any electronic or other files that support or run the system, including indexes, data dictionaries, metadata documentation, or other files that may exist in other formats. Sample Series Descriptions
8. FormatCheck all formats that apply to the records series. Paper records include loose documents, bound volumes, photographs, architectural drawings, and maps. Audiovisual records can include records stored on audio- and videotapes, compact discs (CDs), phonorecords, and digital video discs (DVDs). Micrographic records can be microfilm rolls or microfiche. Electronic records include word-processed files, databases, electronic spreadsheets, geographic information system (GIS) records, computer-aided design (CAD) records, and e-mail.
9. Total QuantityThis information is important for determining the resources-filing equipment, shelving, boxes, and labor-required to care for your records. Indicate quantity of paper records in cubic feet. See Appendix F, "Table of Cubic-Foot Equivalents," for information on how to estimate the cubic footage of paper records. For records in other formats, quantify the volume by number of items, which can include rolls, tapes, CDs, and disks. Quantify records in electronic recordkeeping systems by number of bytes or by number of items (such as CD-ROMs and computer tapes).
10. Annual AccumulationAnnual accumulation is the volume of records created, received, and retained in the course of a year. Collect this data only for records stored in offices. Indicate the rate-in cubic feet or number of items-at which these records grow every year, using the most recent year or two as a guide. You can use this information for projecting future space needs for inactive records.
11. Frequency of UseIndicate how often both office staff and others use the records. This information will help you determine whether you should transfer records in office areas to inactive storage, or whether you should make records stored in remote inactive areas more physically accessible.
12. Restrictions on UseIndicate whether there are any restrictions on who may view records in the records series. Sometimes, a specific law requires you to keep the records confidential. In such cases, you should cite the law or regulation that mandates restrictions. Occasionally you may have to restrict use, because allowing use would cause damage to fragile historical records. However, do not identify a series as restricted or confidential merely because your government or agency routinely requires written requests for access to records. If you are not sure whether records are restricted, contact the New York State Committee on Open Government by mail at One Commerce Plaza, 99 Washington Avenue, Suite 650, Albany, NY 12231-0001, by telephone at (518) 474-2518, e-mail at email@example.com, web at http://www.dos.state.ny.us/coog.
13. Records are in Poor ConditionIf part or all of the records series are damaged, check the box. Examples of damage include tears, stains, folding, mold, mildew, brittleness, and discoloration. This field is useful for identifying records series for microfilming or individual documents that may require the care of a professional conservator. If there is a pattern of damage among records stored in the same area, it may also indicate chronic problems with your storage environment, such as excessive or variable temperature and humidity.
14. Records are VitalCheck the box if these are vital records, which are those that are essential to the daily operation of your organization. Don't confuse this use of the term "vital records" with "vital statistic" records such as birth, death, and marriage certificates. Examples of vital records are current tax receipts, ongoing contracts, payrolls, and land and student records.
15. Records are Official CopiesCheck the box if this particular copy of the records being inventoried is the "official copy." The official copy is usually the clearest, most complete, signed and/or certified copy. Sometimes there are two equally good sets of one records series; in such cases, you may have to designate an official copy if one is not immediately apparent. Retention and disposition schedules require that you retain only the official copy of any record; you may destroy duplicates when no longer needed.
16a. Name of Person Completing FormProvide the name of the person who inventoried this records series.
16b. DateProvide the date that the worksheet was completed. This information is useful in determining whether or not the inventory is up to date. Appendix C Sample Completed Records Inventory Data Worksheet Scan worksheet and shrink to allow for insertion of above heading Back of form should be blank. Appendix D Sample Inventory Database Output Once you have entered your inventory data into a database, you can view and print out the data in many different ways. This can help you better analyze and use the data. Below is a simple form used by a county to list alphabetically all the records series maintained by one department (the County Clerk's Office). This report gives only the title, the schedule item that proves the required retention period, and the retention period, but it provides an easy way to verify what records the department maintains. Depending on its needs, the county could adjust this report to add new pieces of information (for example, location, quantity, and format).
Listing of Records in the County Clerk's Department
Title: Administrative file (Records Management)Schedule item: CO-2, General, 10c: correspondence Retention: 1 year
Sample Records Management Plans
The first two samples form a pair of interrelated short- and long-term plans for the mythical government of Capital City. The last sample is a simple long-term plan for the North Haverbrook Central School District, a small imaginary government.Long‑Range Records Management Plan for Capital City, 2003-2006 In this long‑range plan, a medium‑sized city that recently completed a records inventory has developed a four‑year records management plan. The plan includes a concise mission statement for the city's records management program and five goals, each supported by specific objectives. The plan is general, but provides a good sense of how the city's records management program is progressing.
Capital City's records management ordinance, adopted by the city council, authorized and required the development of a records management plan. The city clerk (Capital City's designated Records Management Officer) developed this plan with advice and review by the Records Advisory Board. The mayor and the city council approved the plan on November 4, 2002.
MissionThe Capital City records management program encourages and coordinates the systematic, cost‑efficient creation, maintenance, use, and disposition of official city government records. Program Goals and Objectives, 2003-2006
Goal ISystematically dispose of records in accordance with state schedules and local procedures. A. Adopt and continually apply State Archives records retention and disposition schedules as they are issued, for the systematic disposition of records. B. Develop office schedules (tied to and compatible with State Archives schedules) to guide the retention and disposition of records in all Capital City offices. C. Develop and apply policies and procedures for the disposal of obsolete records that ensure approval by the originating office, protect confidential information, and maintain a listing of records destroyed. Goal II Develop and operate a program for the management of inactive records. A. Identify appropriate space in City Hall for conversion to an inactive records storage area, and renovate the space as needed to ensure secure, cost‑effective storage. B. Develop policies and procedures for coordinating an inactive records program through the city clerk's office. C. Develop and maintain an information locator system to records in the city's inactive records storage area. Goal III Develop a program to microfilm appropriate records in accordance with State Archives quality guidelines. A. Continue and refine the existing microfilm operation in the Police Department and develop acceptable quality controls and inspection procedures in accordance with State Archives regulations. B. Analyze records in the city's departments to identify those best suited for microfilming. Goal IV Develop a program to manage the city's electronic records. A. Develop policies on the purchase and use of computer equipment. B. Develop standards for computer software and systems in city offices. C. Develop policies and procedures to ensure the reliability, security, retention, and preservation of electronic records in city departments. Goal V Develop a program for the preservation and use of historical records. A. In concert with the search for a storage location for inactive records, identify an appropriate space in City Hall for the storage of historical records and an accompanying research area, and renovate space as needed. B. Develop a plan to organize, improve access to, and encourage use of the historical records of the city. C. Identify preservation problems with the city's historical records and develop a plan for addressing these issues. Annual Records Management Plan for Capital City (2003) This annual workplan is based on the city's long‑range records management plan. The annual plan includes several annual goals, each of which supports a specific goal in the city's long-range plan. Long‑Term Goal I Systematically dispose of records in accordance with state schedules and local procedures. Annual Goal A Hold a workshop for records coordinators and other appropriate personnel in the use of retention schedules for the disposition of records. Annual Goal B Compare records disposition requests from city departments to the citywide records inventory to determine if departments are disposing of records on schedule. Annual Goal C Develop an office schedule for the Office of the City Clerk, based on the results of the 2002 inventory and State Archives Schedule MU‑1. Annual Goal D Develop procedures for the destruction of records. 1. Discuss with the city counsel's office the city's obligations for ensuring confidentiality during the disposition process. 2. Develop a system of approvals for any records dispositions. 3. With Department of Public Works arrange for periodic, controlled disposal and recycling of city records. Long‑Term Goal II Develop and operate a program for the management of inactive records. Annual Goal A Develop specifications and a proposal for an inactive records storage area. 1. Assemble technical information on records centers. Visit the cities of Shelbyville and Springfield to collect information on their records centers and inactive records programs. Secure and compile information from the State Archives, the National Fire Protection Association, and other appropriate sources. 2. Develop an estimate of the capacity required for such a facility, based on 2002 records inventory. 3. Develop a proposal for consideration by the city council that includes specifications and estimated costs for the facility. Long‑Term Goal III Develop a program for microfilming appropriate records in accordance with State Archives quality guidelines. Annual Goal A Develop a system for microfilming city records overseen by the city clerk. 1. Develop procedures for identifying priority records for microfilming. 2. Develop procedures for preparing records for filming and for conducting microfilm quality control. 3. Identify a company to provide off‑site storage for the master copy of all microfilm. Annual Goal B Cooperate with the police department's records coordinator to refine and expand the police department's microfilm program. 1. Assess the existing program, determining if procedures for records preparation, microfilming, and quality control of film meet State Archives guidelines. 2. Identify additional police department records that warrant microfilming. Long‑Term Goal IV Develop a program to manage the city's electronic records. Annual Goal A Review the 2002 inventory to verify that all major electronic recordkeeping systems were inventoried. Annual Goal B Develop, with the Records Advisory Board, a request for proposals to hire a consultant to evaluate the state of electronic records management in the city and to recommend improvements. Long‑Term Goal V Develop a program for the preservation and use of historical records. Annual Goal A In concert with the search for a site for an inactive records storage area, identify an appropriate space in City Hall for the storage of historical records and for a research area.
Records Management Plan for North Haverbrook Central School DistrictAfter conducting a complete inventory, the North Haverbrook Central School District developed the following general plan for developing its records management program over the next five years.
Set Up a Records CenterFind an appropriate and ample location Apply for an inactive records grant from the State Archives With grant funds, modify the location, set up shelving, and box records Assign responsibility for maintaining the records center
Begin Microfilming Student RecordsConsolidate the records of students who graduated six or more years ago Apply for a microfilming grant from the State Archives With grant funds, organize, purge and microfilm the records Set up a future schedule for microfilming records using local funds
Overhaul the Payroll and Personnel SystemsReview possible software solutions to replace current systems Decide whether a needs assessment will be required Conduct a needs assessment (if necessary) and decide on a solution Apply for an active records grant from the State Archives Put the new system in place Design a way to pay for future improvements Design a method to maintain the records electronically
Control Historical RecordsIdentify all the historical records in the district Apply for a historical records grant to organize the oldest of these Organize and produce a guide to the district's historical records Use records in displays and brochures for the district's fiftieth anniversary
Use District Records in the ClassroomIntroduce teachers to the historical records available in the district Encourage a group of teachers to apply for an educational uses grant Complete the grant project Distribute the resulting materials across the district Continue to use these records in projects in the school
Glossary of Records Inventory and Planning Terms
active record. a record used frequently (at least once per month per file drawer for paper records)
administrative value. the usefulness of a record to an organization in the conduct of its daily business
alphabetic arrangement. the ordering of a records series by the letters in titles of the files within the series, such as name or subject
alphanumeric arrangement. the ordering of a records series by means of a classification system that uses filing codes consisting of combinations of letters and numbers
annual accumulation. the volume of records created, received, and retained in the course of a year
appraisal. the process of evaluating records based on their value to an organization, particularly when used to determine if the records have permanent historical value
archival record. a record that should be kept permanently because of its administrative, legal, fiscal, or research value; also called "historical record"
arrangement. the act or result of placing records in a particular order
audiovisual record. a record stored on a medium that must be accessed through a machine other than a computer (examples include motion pictures and audiotapes of meetings)
CAD or CADD. See "computer-aided drafting and design (CAD or CADD)"
chronological arrangement. the ordering of a records series by date of the individual records
computer-aided drafting and design (CAD or CADD). any system for computer-aided rather than manual drafting and design that displays data spatially on a predefined coordinate grid system, allowing data from different sources to be connected and referenced by location
confidential record. a record that is not open to the public, often to protect the privacy rights of individuals; sometimes called "restricted record"
conservation. the repair and stabilization of damaged documents
cubic foot. a standard measurement for the volume of records, equaling 1,728 cubic inches
data dictionary. a formal description of the information contained in a database (including format, definition, structure, and usage)
data format. a specific type of computer file, such as a Microsoft Word 97 file or a JPEG image file; sometimes called "file format"
data migration. the periodic transfer of data from one electronic format to another to retain the integrity of the data and to allow users to continue to use the data in the face of changing technology; sometimes called "data migration"
database. a computer file that stores data structured in a way that allows for easy and specific access to information it contains
date span. the period of time covered by a certain set of records
disposition. the final action performed upon records: either destruction or transfer to an archives
duplicate. (noun) an extra copy of a record
electronic information system. a computer-based system that supports the acquisition, creation, storage, processing, management of, and/or access to information
(definition from ESRA) "information, evidencing any action, transaction, occurrence, event, or other activity, produced or stored by electronic means and capable of being accurately reproduced in forms perceptible by human sensory capabilities"
(simple definition) a record that is in electronic form
electronic recordkeeping system. an electronic information system that supports the collection, organization, and categorization of electronic records
Electronic Signatures and Records Act (ESRA). New York legislation passed in 1999 to ensure that electronic signatures are legally binding in government and to clarify the authority of New York government entities to create and maintain records created by computers in electronic form.
ESRA. See Electronic Signatures and Records Act (ESRA)
field. a location in a database that stores a particular type of data (such as an address field, a city field, a state field, etc.)
(noun) a collection of related records that are treated as a unit, sometimes used synonymously with "records series" and sometimes referring to the contents of one case or file folder
(verb) to arrange documents in a logical sequence, or to place a document in its appropriate location within a set of records
file format. See "data format"
filing system. a pre-defined plan using numbers, letters, or keywords to identify and organize records in a systematic scheme
fiscal value. the usefulness of a record in documenting financial decisions and activities
geographical information system (GIS). a computerized database system used to gather, manipulate, display, and analyze spatial data (including maps, three-dimensional models, and tables)
GIS. See "geographic information system (GIS)"
historical record. a record that should be kept permanently because of its administrative, legal, fiscal, or research value; also called "archival record"
historical value. the value of a record to support historical research
inactive record. a record accessed infrequently (for paper records, less than once per month per file drawer) but that is not yet ready for disposition
inactive storage. the maintenance of inactive records in a storage area separate from an active office
index. an information guide that identifies the location of specific pieces of information within a document or a set of documents (for example, an index to a set of minutes could list topics and when they were discussed, or an index to personnel files could list the names of people included)
indexing. the process of designing a guide to identify and locate specific pieces of information within the records of an organization
inventory. See "records inventory"
legal value. the usefulness of a record in supporting an organization's business agreements and ownership rights, and in documenting the rights of citizens
LGRMIF. See "Local Government Records Management Improvement Fund (LGRMIF)"
life cycle. the span of time a record exists, from its creation through its useful life to its final disposition or retention
Local Government Records Management Improvement Fund (LGRMIF). a dedicated fund to improve records management and archival administration in New York State's local governments, comprised of fees collected by county clerks and the New York City Register for the recording of selected documents
medium (storage). a physical material that can record information, such as magnetic tape, optical disc, paper, or microfilm; also called "storage medium"
metadata. information describing a set of data (such as the subject, date, and recipients of an e-mail record)
microfiche. a sheet of microfilm containing multiple images in a grid pattern
(noun) fine-grain, high-resolution photographic film capable of recording images, especially when referring to such film stored on reels
(verb) to capture images of documents on such film
micrographic record. a document stored as a miniature image on microfilm or microfiche
migration. the periodic transfer of data from one electronic format to another, retaining the integrity of the data and allowing users continuing access to the data in the face of changing technology; sometimes called "data migration"
needs assessment. a process that systematically examines a records management problem, evaluates options, and recommends solutions via a formal report
numerical arrangement. the ordering of a records series by file number
obsolete record. a record that has met its retention period, is no longer useful to the organization, and that may be destroyed
official copy. an original record or a copy of an original record, that is used to meet the minimum retention period for that record; also called "record copy"
official record. a record produced or received in the formal conduct of an organization's business
paper record. a document that is recorded on paper, such as a memo or map
phonorecord. a plastic disc with a spiral groove etched over its faces, in which sound is recorded that can be played back by running a stylus in the grooves
preservation. the use of procedures and environmental standards to minimize the deterioration of records
RAO. See "regional advisory officer (RAO)"
(informal definition)information, in any format, that is created by an organization or received in the formal operation of its responsibilities
(legal definition for local governments in New York State) any book, paper, map, photograph, microphotograph or any other information storage device regardless of physical form or characteristic which is the property of the state or any state agency, department, division, board, bureau, commission, county, city, town, village, district or any subdivision thereof by whatever name designated in or on which any entry has been made or is required to be made by law, or which any officer or employee of any said bodies has received or is required to receive for filing
(legal definition for state agencies in New York State, plural) all books, papers, maps, photographs, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by any agency of the state or by the legislature or the judiciary in pursuance of law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities, or because of the information contained
record copy. See "official copy"
records center carton. a box, usually made of corrugated cardboard, that is designed to hold approximately one cubic foot of legal- or letter-size records and that measures 10" x 12" x 15"
records inventory. the process of locating, identifying, and describing the records maintained by an organization; sometimes called "inventory"
records management. the systematic control of all records in an organization throughout their life cycle
records management officer (RMO). the person responsible for overseeing a records management program for a state agency or local government in New York State
records management plan. a written document that outlines a strategy to implement or improve the records management program of an organization
records management program. a coordinated set of policies, procedures, and activities that manage an organization's recorded information
records retention. See "retention"
records retention and disposition schedule. a list of records series titles that indicates the length of time to maintain each series; also called a "records schedule" or a "retention schedule"
records schedule. See "records retention and disposition schedule"
records series. a group of related records (such as minutes of a board, payrolls, and purchase orders) that are normally used and filed as a unit and that normally have the same retention requirements
records survey. a review that gathers basic information about the quantity, type, function, location and arrangement of records in an organization
reference frequency. the rate at which people use a set of records
regional advisory officer (RAO). a representative of the New York State Archives who provides records management advice to local governments and state agencies in a particular region of the state
research value. the usefulness of a record in supporting historical and other research
restricted record. See "confidential record"
retention. the act of keeping records for the time required, given their administrative, fiscal, legal, or historical value and use; also called "records retention"
retention period. the amount of time a record must be kept to meet administrative, fiscal, legal, historical or use requirements
retention schedule. See "records retention and disposition schedule"
RMO. See "records management officer (RMO)"
schedule (noun). See "records retention and disposition schedule"
schedule (verb). to determine and formalize the retention period for a records series
schedule item. an entry in a records schedule that describes and gives the retention period for certain records
security. the protection of records by controlling which users can access which documents and for what purpose
series. See "records series"
series description. written information about a logical grouping of records, including title, date span, quantity, arrangement, and an explanation of content
State Archives. the New York State Archives, which provides records management and archives services to local governments and state agencies
Storage medium. See "medium"
survey. See "records survey"
(records management definition) a record essential for protection of the financial well-being of an organization, its legal rights, and the rights of its citizens or employees; a record without which an organization cannot carry out its business
(birth, death and marriage definition) a birth, death, or marriage record maintained by the official registrar of a New York State local government or by the New York State Department of Health