Education Policy: Research: Chronology:

Federal-State Education Policy Chronology

This summary lists key events and developments in the history of federal education policy.  You can view the complete version of this publication in PDF format.

1991 America 2000. Bush administration proposal for national standards, national standardized testing, and involvement of researchers, business, and labor in curriculum development. America 2000 Act not passed, but funds authorized for supporting voluntary national curriculum standards.
1993, 1995 Sandia Report and The Manufactured Crisis, two major reports, challenge the conclusions of A Nation at Risk.
1994 Educate America Act: Goals 2000. Clinton administration adds two goals to the National Educational Goals: increased parental involvement and professional development for teachers. Provides support to states to develop standards and assessments.
  Improving America's Schools Act (IASA), a reauthorization of ESEA. Title I was revised to require that economically disadvantaged students and all other students be assessed against the same standards, which states were developing with support from Goals 2000; schools with low performance were to be identified and provided extra assistance as schools "in need of improvement."
  Bilingual Education Act (Title VII of ESEA) amended.
1996-97 New York Learning Standards approved in 1996, and phased in beginning of 1997. Plan aims to set high standards and revise assessment, build the capacity of schools to support learning, and develop institutional accountability with public reporting.
1998 Perkins Career and Technical Assistance Act
  Workforce Investment Act

California Proposition 227 dismantles bilingual education in California public schools.