Education Policy: Research: Historical Overview:

Federal Education Policy and the States, 1945-2009

The Ford Years

Special Education Laws - 1966-1972

Special Education - P.L. 94-142

Legislative History - P.L. 94-142

P.L. 94-142 - Ford's Doubts

Diagnosis of Disability

Diagnosis - State Variability


Footnotes: The PDF version of this essay contains extensive footnotes that include numerous citations and supplementary text. For ease of reading, the footnotes are omitted from this version.

Organizations: Links to many of the organizations mentioned in this essay.

To view snapshots of the political context for the education policy, organized by administration, see Education Policymakers. For the Ford administration, see 1974-1976.