Education Policy: Research: Historical Overview:

Federal Education Policy and the States, 1945-2009

The Kennedy Years

General Aid to Education

Aid to Private and Parochial Schools

Disability and Education

Urban Education

Compensatory Education and Civil Rights


Footnotes: The PDF version of this essay contains extensive footnotes that include numerous citations and supplementary text. For ease of reading, the footnotes are omitted from this version.

Organizations: Links to many of the organizations mentioned in this essay.

To view snapshots of the political context for the education policy, organized by administration, see Education Policymakers. For the Kennedy administration, see 1961-1963.