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Armistice Day Cartoon and Poem, November 11, 1923

"Armistice Day"
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3167-78A_B5_War_Memorial_02
 
Document Description
Political cartoon and poem published in The Knickerbocker Press on Armistice Day, November 11, 1923.
 
Questions
Who is the man in the cartoon?
Who do the crosses represent?
What elements does the artist use to set the tone of the cartoon? Explain your answer.
How does the poet feel about the war and the soldiers? Explain your answer.
Why did the poet/artist choose to print this image and poem on Armistice Day? Explain your answer.
 
Historical Challenges
Research the role of the media in the isolationism of the 1920s. How did newspapers, the radio, and posters affect public opinion about involvement in foreign affairs?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Art: Draw a political cartoon for a current event.
English Language Arts: Write a poem about a current event.
 
Resources
Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. Harper Collins: New York, 1995.
 

Historical Context
Originally, Armistice Day was established on November 11 to commemorate the end of World War I. After World War II, Armistice Day became a day to honor veterans from both world wars. November 11 did not officially become Veteran’s Day, a day to honor all veterans of all wars, until 1954.

This cartoon and poem appeared in the Albany newspaper five years after the end of the war. The United States experienced unprecedented peace and prosperity in the years immediately following World War I. Both the poem and the cartoon reflect the opinions some Americans held about the war and the soldiers who died.
 

 
Essential Question
How does war impact a nation?
 
Check for Understanding
Explain the meaning of this poem and the symbolism contained within the poem and the drawing.