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Blacksmith Receipt for Work Done for Jeremias Van Rensselaer, June 1674

Remnant of an account for work performed by a blacksmith, June 1674

Remnant of an account for work performed by a blacksmith, June 1674

New York State Library, NYSL_sc7079_blacksmith
 
Document Description
Receipt for work done by the blacksmith for Jeremias Van Rensselaer, June 1674.
 
Translation
Jeremias van Renselaer debet
made [?] anchors                                                                    ƒ  12
2 irons?]for a [??]  used 8 lbs of iron  for this                   4,, 16
made 2 wedges 2 hoops [banden]                                                 4
an iron for the ridge [crest?] of the house weighing 24[0?]          14,,   8
sharpened a plough share schaar                                          x     2,,12
sharpened a plough share schaar                                          x     2,,
shoed a horse                                                             8,,
made tongs                                                                 4,,
repaired two chains                                                     1 – 4
made 5 clamps                                                                       1 – 10
made a hook on a sleigh with a handle                                  x      2,,
repaired a measuring iron of a plough                                    --12
made6 clamps for a gutter                                         12
repaired a chain                                                                              1
sharpened a schaarand a coulter                                           x       2
fitted [beschlaagen ]a plough                                      x       3
sharpened a schaar and a coulter                                          x       3
made a knepel and a cowbell.                                                x        ,,  8
sharpened a schaar and a coulter                                          x       6
welded a bracket/clamp to a plough with a bolt                     x       1
welded a coulter, say, sharpened welded 2 fittings                x       2,, 4
made 6 harrow teeth                                                   x       6
made three hoops for the bucket                                           x        1,,10
shoed a horse                                                             x        2    
made a handle for the churning staff                         x        1,,10
made two bolts                                                                        1
repaired a lock                                                                        1
aknepel and a cowbell                                                            x         ,, [8
a handle to a kettle                                                      x         ,,[8
delivered 2 axes                                                                      x        4,, -
sharpened the schaar and the coulter                                    x       3,,
repaired a haarhamer a hammer [to sharpen a scythe]         x         :[
sharpened a schaar                                                    x       2,,
made a cowbell                                                                       x       2,,
made a knepel a cowbell                                                        x        ,,[
made a spil and/with a rick                                                     6[
repaired a ploegschaar and/with a schil                                 x       3[
repaired a bolt  and/with a r**elt an the bolt [??]
made [?] anchors                                                                            4[
made [a?] grip {something to hold on to: handle?]
4] hammer to sharpen a scythe.
Adij 5 7ber received by MijndertFredr. Sum[
 
 
Questions
What is the purpose of this blacksmith’s account document? 
How labor intensive was the work of a blacksmith?
Why did a blacksmith make an important contribution to life in the colony?
 
 

Historical Context
Blacksmiths played a key role in the development and success of colonial communities. Blacksmiths were responsible for producing most iron objects like horse shoes, hinges, locks, nails, and keys. In addition to production, these metal workers also were hired to repair items like wagons and sleighs. Individuals learned the blacksmith trade through apprenticeships which they entered into in their early teenage years.
 
 
Essential Question
How did blacksmiths contribute to the growth and success of the colony?
 
Check for Understanding
Using the document describe, in a diary format, the average work day of an apprentice in a blacksmith’s shop. Using the document describe approximately how much money a blacksmith made for his trade.  Compare whether his contribution to the colony was worth more or less in contrast to his approximate income.