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Boy and Mules on the Erie Canal Tow Path at Lyons, 1910

Photograph of Canal at Lyons

Photograph of Canal at Lyons

Other, CSNYS_canal_lyons
 
Document Description
A boy drives a team of mules on the Erie Canal at Lyons, New York, 1910.
 
Questions
What kinds of transportation are depicted in this photograph? 
What are the advantages of one over the other?  
What was the relationship between the Erie Canal and the railroads?  Explain.
 
Historical Challenges
What impact did the railroads have on the Erie Canal?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Social Studies, Math, & English Language Arts: Map the railroads and the Erie Canal across New York State. Research the cost to ship wheat by train and by canal. Research how long this shipment would take. Create an advertisement for one of these methods of transportation.
 
Resources
American Canal Society. The Canals of New York State. American Canal and Transportation Center, 1995. ISBN: 0933788827
Harness, Cheryl. Amazing Impossible Erie Canal. New York: Bradbury Press, 1995. ISBN: 0689825846, 0027426416
Hurst, Carol Otis. Through the Lock. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. ISBN: 0618030360.
Larkin, F. Daniel, Julie C. Daniels, and Jean West, eds. Erie Canal: New York's Gift to the Nation, A Document-Based Teacher Resource. Cobblestone Publishng Company, 2001. ISBN: 081267555X
Stein, R. Conrad. The Erie Canal. New York: Children's Press, 2004. ISBN: 0516242431.
 

 

Historical Context
The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean.  The canal was a quicker means of transporting people and goods than carts pulled by animals.  The completion of the canal resulted in an increase in population in the western part of the state.  It also increased the amount of trade for New York City and contributed to the westward expansion of America.

Initially, the railroads were supposed to work in connection with the Erie Canal.  Opened in 1831, the Mohawk-Hudson Railroad made a bypass between Albany and Schenectady.  This was the slowest part of the canal system.  The railroads were also supposed to shorten the length of time that passengers needed to spend on the packet boats.  Over time, other chartered railways began to build lines west to Buffalo.  By 1842, there was a continuous railway line across the state that served the same general route as the Erie Canal.
 
Essential Question
How does geography and the economy impact the development of new technology?
 
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain the relationship between geography and the development of new technology.