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Citizen Support for World War I

Directions
For this assignment, you will be provided with a set of documents.  Answer the questions for each document based on the information in the document and your knowledge of social studies.  Keep in mind the time period, meaning, and purpose of each of the documents.
 
Historical Context
Throughout the course of World War I, Americans made tremendous contributions and sacrifices in many aspects of their lives to support the war effort.
 
Task Description
Answer the questions for each of the documents provided.  The documents and the questions that follow them may be helpful in the essay portion of the assignment.
 
Part A: Instructions
For this assignment, you will be provided with a set of documents.  Answer the questions for each document based on the information in the document and your knowledge of social studies.  Keep in mind the time period, meaning, and purpose of each of the documents.
 
Part B: Essay
Using information from at least five of the documents provided, your knowledge of social studies, and outside information:

Write a well-developed essay explaining how Americans who were not a part of the military supported the troops and the war effort during World War I.
Remember:

  • Use at least five documents.
  • Bring valid outside information into your essay.
  • Explain the facts used in your body paragraphs.
  • “Explain” means to analyze the importance or meaning of.
  • Develop an effective thesis and a relevant introduction paragraph.
  • Do not simply repeat your introduction paragraph for your conclusion paragraph.
 

About this Activity

 

Lesson Topic:

 

     Poster - Red Cross Nurse, Soldiers in Background
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_5685
 
Document Description
An American Red Cross poster.
 
Questions
  1. What is the woman in this poster’s job?
  2. Who does this woman support through the work she does?
 

     "Heed Your Country's Call"
New York State Archives, NYSA_A0412-78_B11_F12_Caledonia
 
Document Description
Words to song "Heed Your Country's Call," written by Caledonia residents.
 
Questions
  1. According to the words of this song, how can Americans who cannot enlist help the troops?
 

     All About Liberty Bonds
New York State Archives, NYSA_A0412-78_B03_F03_LibertyBonds
 
Document Description
Poster describing the benefits of liberty bonds.
 
Questions
  1. What is a Liberty Bond?
  2. Where does the money from the bonds go, and why would this be important to the war effort?
 

     Cooperstown Boys Knitting for the Front
New York State Archives, NYSA_A0412-78_B33_F11_ManlyBoys_photo
 
Document Description
The "manly boys" of Cooperstown High School, who worked on behalf of the Atlantic Division of the American Red Cross.
 
Questions
  1. What are the boys in this picture doing?
  2. How could this help the soldiers overseas?
 

     "Westchester School Wins National Prize for 1918 W. S. S. Sales"
New York State Archives, NYSA_A0412-78_B33_F16_QuakerRidge
 
Document Description
Quaker Ridge School in Westchester County, New York wins the prize for selling War Savings Stamps in 1918.
 
Questions
  1. According to the article, what were being sold as a fundraiser?
  2. In the last paragraph, it is explained that the award was given “as a recognition of the patriotic service” of whom?
 

     Liberty Bread Shop
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3167-78A_B6_Reports_Patriotic_Soc_Liberty_Bread_Shop
 
Document Description
Advertisement for the Liberty Bread Shop from the Reports from Patriotic Societies.
 
Questions
  1. What are two ways the Liberty Bread Shop is trying to help save wheat?
  2. How might the Liberty Bread Shop’s sales and services help in wartime?
 

     Man Looks for Work, 1917
New York State Archives, NYSA_A4234-78_B1_F20_Fisher
 
Document Description
Edwin Fisher asks the State Defense Council where he can work to help the war effort, November 15, 1917.
 
Questions
  1. Based on the clipping in the upper left corner, why does the ship plant need 2,000 men?
  2. Why would shipping plants in America be important for fighting a war in Europe?
 

     Governor's Proclamation
New York State Archives, NYSA_13035-79_B2_1918_37
 
Document Description
Governor Whitman's call for boys to join the New York State Boys Working Reserve. [2 pages]
 
Questions
  1. What major task does this proclamation address?
  2. Who performed this task before the war?  Who is being asked to perform this task during the war?