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Council of Safety Resolution, Impressment of Wheat, 1777

Council of Safety resolution regarding impressment of wheat

Council of Safety resolution regarding impressment of wheat

New York State Archives, NYSA_A0142-77_0823
 
Document Description
Council of Safety resolution on the impressment of wheat, October 9, 1777.
 
Transcription
In council of Safety, for the State of
                                                                                                New York
                                                                                                                        Kingston Oct 9th /77
Resolved that the Deputy commissaries General of Purchases and their agents be empowered to impress from each person in this state a quantity of Wheat either threshed or in the Straw not exceeding fifty twenty bushels and to impress the Team of each person to transport the wheat impressed from him to a mill paying for such wheat upon the delivery thereof at the mill the market price for same and paying also for the hire of the team transporting the same to the mill at the rate of one shilling and three pence per mile; provided nevertheless that each inhabitant be permitted to retain fifteen bushels of wheat for each person his family may consist of and provided farther that no team be impressed to transport such wheat to a mill more than ten miles distant from the place where the same may be impressed any thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding
Resolved that the above resolution continue to force till the tenth day of November next & no longer.
                                                                                                Extracted from the minutes
                                                                                                Rob. Benson Secr.y
 
 
 
Questions
When and by whom was this resolution written?
 
What did this resolution state?
 
How will this affect the citizens of New York?
 
 
Historical Challenges
Research the council of Safety. What was their role and responsibilities? How did these change over time?
 
 
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Art: Create a painting of a community in New York. This picture should depict citizens being impressed into packing and transporting wheat to the mill.
 
English: Write a journal entry about a time when you were impressed into doing something.
 
 
Resources
New York State Archives. Administration of Colonial and State Government. Web. 20 March
2013. http://www.archives.nysed.gov/a/research/res_topics_mi_revwar_admin.shtml
 
 

Historical Context
As the impending war drew closer, the newly independent states needed to raise and supply an army capable of defeating a major world power: Great Britain. Originally defended by the local militia, the former colonies established the Continental Army in April of 1775. George Washington was named the Commander-in-Chief. Washington and leaders in the government set out to furnish an army that could defeat England, in order to fight for their independence.  
            The matter of supplying an army was of great concern for these new states. At the very least, soldiers needed food, clothing, and weapons. The army used several means to supply the army, ranging from issuing bills of credit to foraging. New York’s Council of Safety, in conjunction with the Provincial Congress, issued resolutions in an attempt to solve this problem of supplying an army during this time period.   
 
 
Essential Question
How did the need to supply an army impact the newly independent states?
 
 
Check for Understanding
Write a paragraph explaining the answer to the following question, using evidence from the document: What problems or issues did this resolution try to resolve?