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Diary of Samuel Frost, American Revolution, Benedict Arnold's Treason, n.d.

Second diary of Samuel Frost mentioning Arnold's treason

Second diary of Samuel Frost mentioning Arnold's treason

Other, USMA_Frost_Diary_Second
 
Document Description
Diary of Samuel Frost, American Revolution, in which he mentions Benedict Arnold's treason, n.d.
 
Transcription
Treason of the Blackest
dye was yesterday discovered, General Arnold who commanded at West Point lost to every sentiment of honor of private & public obligation, was about to deliver that important post into the hands of the Enemy[. S]uch an event would have given the American cause a Deadly wound, if not a fatal stab[. H]appily the treason has been tim[e]ly discovered to prevent the  fatal misfortune, the providential train of circumstances which lead to it, affords the most convincing proof that the Liberties of America is the object of the Divine Protection, at the same time the Treason is to be rejected. The General cannot help congratulating the Army on the happy discovery, our Enemies despairing of carrying their point by force, they are practicing every base Art to effect by bribery, and corruption what they cannot accomplish in a manly way. Great honor is due to the American Army, this is the first instance of Treason of the kind where many were to be expected from the nature of the dispute, and nothing is so bright an ornament in the character of the American Soldiers as they having been proof against all the Arts, and seductions of an Assiduous Enemy.
                Arnold has made his escape to the Enemy. But Mr. André the adjutant Genl to the British Army who came out as a spy to negotiate the business, is our prisoner.
 
 
Questions
What event would have “created a Deadly wound” to the American cause?
 
Who was the enemy?
 
Why is “great honor” due to the American Army?
 
 
Historical Challenges
Using the information from the document create a newspaper article spreading the news about Benedict Arnold, the traitor.
 
Write a journal entry from the point-of-view of Arnold, Andre or a Patriot soldier that captured Andre. How do you feel? Do you have regrets? What do you think is going to happen to you?
 
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Art- Create a Wanted poster for Benedict Arnold
 
 

Historical Context
In 1780, near the present day Tappan Zee Bridge, a major spy drama unfolded, changing the course of the American Revolution. General Benedict Arnold secretly attempted to help the British capture the fort at West Point. He had grown resentful of the American Army for not rewarding him for his many military victories. On the night of September 21, Arnold gave British Major John Andre documents detailing the fortifications and troop strengths at West Point. As Andre headed towards the British lines with the documents tucked in his boot, he was captured near Tarrytown on September 23. If he had reached the British command in New York City with the information that Arnold had given them, the British would likely have taken the fort at West Point. West Point was crucial to controlling the Hudson River, a British capture could have changed the outcome of the entire war.
Thirty year old Andre was hanged as a spy on October 2, 1780. Benedict Arnold escaped to New York City, eventually commanding British troops for the remainder of the war. He died in London in 1801.
 
 
Essential Question
Who was Benedict Arnold and what role did he play in the Revolutionary War?
 
 
Check for Understanding
What happened to Benedict Arnold? What happened to Andre?