You are here

Duke of York's Charter, 1664

Government. Duke of York's Charter
New York State Archives, NYSA_B1371-93_001
Document Description
Charter granting the colony of New York to James, Duke of York, from his brother King Charles II, 1664.
Why do you think the English thought they would be better at controlling New Netherland than the Dutch?
Why did England want this land?
Historical Challenges
After this charter was granted, what events occurred next? How was the English fleet greeted once they arrived in New Netherland?
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Create an illustrated broadside announcing the changeover of the colony from Dutch to English
Avakian, Monique. A Historical Album of New York. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1993. ISBN: 1562940058, 0585263302
Fradin, Dennis B. The New York Colony. Chicago: Children's Press, 1988. ISBN: 0516003895
Gibson, Karen Bush. New Netherland: The Dutch Settle the Hudson Valley. Hockessin, DE: Mitchell Lane Publishers, 2007. ISBN: 1584154616
Linehan, Stephen. New Netherland: An Exploration of Past and Present: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum for the 4th Grade. Albany, NY: New Netherland Museum, 2004. ISBN: 0974822302. (Available at
Parker, Lewis K. Dutch Colonies in the Americas. New York: PowerKids Press, 2003. ISBN: 0823964728

Historical Context
By this charter, King Charles II of England granted land that includes present-day New York, New Jersey, most of Maine, and parts of Connecticut and Pennsylvania to his brother James, Duke of York (later James II, King of England). The charter, or royal patent, was awarded on March 12, 1664, and set up a proprietary colony. It gave James authority to send an armed force to compel the Dutch surrender of the New Netherland province to the English, and allowed him to delegate the administration of matters of law, trade, rebellion, and defense in the colony.
Essential Question
What are the economic, cultural, and political effects of human migration?
Check for Understanding
Summarize the main idea of this document and evaluate the impact of this document on those living in New York during this time period.