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Etching of a Water Mill at the Foot of a Mountain by Allart van Everdingen, c. 1645-1656

Water Mill at the Foot of a Mountain by Allart van Everdingen

Water Mill at the Foot of a Mountain by Allart van Everdingen

Other, NGA_1973-15-122
Document Description
Water Mill at the Foot of a Mountain, c. 1645-1656, by Allart van Everdingen.
Describe the structure and surrounding geography shown in this picture.
Why is the geography important to understanding the function of the mill?

Historical Context
Mills provided a faster, more efficient way for early settlers to change various raw materials into usable products. The two main types of mills were saw mills and grist mills. Saw mills processed timbers into cut lumber suitable for building houses, wagons, and furniture. Grist mills ground grain products into flour for baking and cooking. Before the use of mills, people cut lumber and ground grain by hand which greatly limited the availability of finished goods.
Mills used various forms of power to increase production.

The most common type of mill was a water-powered mill. Water-powered mills required a flowing water supply to move a water wheel which powered the equipment. In addition to water-powered mills, settlers also utilized animal-powered and wind-powered mills to increase their production of finished products. The Dutch colony of Rensselaersyck was no exception. Historical documents show the use of these mills and the benefits and issues related to the use of these mills.

Essential Question
How did mills contribute to the growth and success of the colony?
Check for Understanding
Why would a mill like this be important to a community?