Puerto Rico became a possession of the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In 1917, the Jones Act made Puerto Ricans United States citizens. During the 1930s and 1940s, there was heavy migration from Puerto Rico to the continental U.S. by people in search of better economic conditions. In 1945, there were 13,000 Puerto Ricans living in New York City. By 1955, there were 700,000, and by the mid-1960s, there were over one million.
During the Great Depression, unemployed artists and writers were given work through a branch of the WPA known as the Federal Writers’ Project. Among the most compelling products of the Writers’ Project are the interviews with former slaves and immigrants. This is an interview with a Puerto Rican immigrant that describes why he came here and the conditions he lived in.
Why do people migrate?
How does migration affect the migrant and the community into which they migrate?
Check for Understanding
Summarize the main idea of this document and evaluate the significance of the information obtained from this interview.