These short articles describe the efforts that were being made by U.S. citizens to conserve, save, and share food. They also illustrate the benefits of doing this, such as increased exports to the Allies. There is a focus on patriotism and the power of volunteering.
Beyond food rationing, the planting of victory gardens was another way that the American people helped with the war effort. The purpose was to reduce the pressure on the public food supply brought on by the war effort. Many homeowners planted victory gardens in their yards. These gardens were usually made up of vegetables, fruits and herbs. Schoolchildren spent time after-school growing vegetables in public parks. As a result of these and similar efforts, American food shipments to the Allies tripled.
The Food Administration, under the leadership of Herbert Hoover, also set a high government price on wheat and other staples. Farmers responded to this by producing more, and many increased their income during the war years.
How does military conflict impact a national economy?
Check for Understanding
Describe the strategies used to counter the economic strains of the war and explain how these strategies would contribute to the war effort.