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Forest Fire Prevention Poster, c. 1900

Fire Fire Do Not Smoke Fire [poster]
Adirondack Museum, AML_Broadsides_F3_006
 
Document Description
A Finch, Pruyn and Company, Inc. poster instructing workers not to smoke in the forest, circa 1900.
 
Questions
What is the purpose of this poster? 
What type of business do you think Finch, Pruyn & Company might be? (In other words, what do they make or do?)  Why do you think so?
What other industries would be affected by forest fires?
Is this poster convincing? What do you think makes this poster effective?
 
Historical Challenges
Research the history of Finch, Pruyn and Company, Inc. When and where was the business founded? What did the company make? Does the company exist today? If so, what does actions does the company take to protect the environment? What other types of companies should work to protect the environment? Do they?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Write a newspaper article as if it were the year 1900 that describes safety precautions one must take to prevent forest fires.
Art: Create your own forest fire prevention poster.
 
Resources
Beil, Karen Magnuson. Fire in Their Eyes: Wildfires and the People Who Fight Them. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1999. ISBN: 0152010432
George, Jean Craighead. Fire Storm. New York: K. Tegen Books, 2003. ISBN: 0060002638, 0060002646
Godkin, Celia. Fire!. Markham, Ont.: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2006. ISBN: 1550418890
Landau, Elaine. Smokejumpers. Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 2002. ISBN: 0761323244
Lauber, Patricia. Summer of Fire: Yellowstone, 1988. New York: Orchard Books, 1991. ISBN: 0531085430
Morrison, Taylor. Wildfire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. ISBN: 0618509003
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw. Fire: Friend or Foe. New York: Clarion, 1998. ISBN: 0395730813.
Nobisso, Josephine. John Blair and the Great Hinkley Fire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. ISBN: 0618015604.
Morrison, Ellen Earnhardt. Guardian of the Forest: A History of Smokey Bear and the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention Program. Alexandria, VA: Morielle Press, 1995. ISBN: 0962253758.
Podskoch, Martin. Adirondack Fire Towers: Their History and Lore, The Southern Districts. Fleischmanns, NY: Purple Mountain Press, 2003. ISBN: 1930098464.
Podskoch, Martin. Adirondack Fire Towers: Their History and Lore, The Northern Districts. Fleischmanns, NY: Purple Mountain Press, 2005. ISBN: 1930098677.
 

Historical Context
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a multitude of large, dangerous, and expensive forest fires caused New York State to dedicate new manpower and develop new technologies for reporting forest fires throughout the Adirondack Forest Preserve. The "great fires" of 1903 and 1908, which consumed nearly one million acres of forest, led to the creation of fire districts with fire superintendents, fire patrolmen, and a systematic approach to address citizens' concerns about forest fire management in the Adirondacks. In 1909, the first Adirondack fire tower was built.
 
Essential Question
How do human settlement patterns impact the environment?
 
Check for Understanding
Summarize the overall message of this poster and explain why this poster was necessary for public safety.