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The Growing Clout of New York State's Hispanic Vote

Directions
The following questions are designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of the document and the author’s point of view.
 
Historical Context
The Hispanic/Latino vote is becoming a pivotal factor for many political campaigns. Although Hispanics accounted for half of the population growth of the United States between 2000 and 2004, but only a one-tenth increase in the votes cast, parties and candidates are reaching out to the Latino community.  New York State’s Hispanic population numbered over three million (16% of the state total) in 2005. As immigrants become citizens, increased voter turnout will certainly magnify Hispanic political clout.
 
Task Description
Using information from the following documents and your own knowledge of history, in Part A answer the questions that follow each listed document.  Your answers to these questions will help you complete the writing assignment given in Part B.
 
Part A: Instructions
Read and analyze each document, and then in the space provided answer each of the questions that follow them.  
 
Part B: Essay
Using information from at least five of the documents in Part A to support your thinking, and using your own knowledge of history, write an essay that describes the increasing influence of Hispanic voters in the election process. Use a separate sheet of paper to complete your essay, which should be well organized and should include an introduction, at least three paragraphs, and a conclusion. Support your response with relevant facts, examples, and details. In no case should the documents simply be cited and paraphrased. You should include additional historical details, and you may discuss documents not provided in the question.
 


     Telegram congratulating Honorable Oscar Garcia Rivera
Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Hunter College, CUNY, CEN_OGR_B1F9_464
 
Document Description
Telegram congratulating the Honorable Oscar Garcia Rivera.
 
Questions
  1. According to this telegram, how should Puerto Ricans feel about Oscar G. Rivera’s election to the New York Assembly?
 

     Letter from Assemblyman Diaz to the editor

Letter from Assemblyman Diaz to the editor

Hostos Community College Archives, HOS_GeMe_B2F14_27
 
Document Description
Hector Diaz opposes "English only" law.
 
Questions
  1. According to this letter, state two arguments that Hector Diaz uses to oppose Assembly Bill 2898.
 

     Elected Latino Officials in New York

Elected Latino Officials in New York

Onondaga Historical Association, OHA_B1_301
 
Document Description
Latino Elected Officials in New York, 2002.
 
Questions
  1. According to this chart, what was the dominant party affiliation of the Latino State Senators and State Representatives?
 

     Latino Election Handbook

Latino Election Handbook

Onondaga Historical Association, OHA_B1_300
 
Document Description
Latino Voter Statistics, 2002.
 
Questions
  1. Based on the section on New York, identify two changes in the level of political participation by Latino voters.
 

     Latino Heritage Month Voter Registration Drive by ANCLA

Latino Heritage Month Voter Registration Drive by ANCLA

Onondaga Historical Association, OHA_B5_307
 
Document Description
Latino Voter Registration Drive Announcement, ca. 1997.
 
Questions
  1. According to the document, identify two reasons that Latinos should exercise their right to vote.
 

     Vote for Javits

Vote for Javits

Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Hunter College, CUNY, CEN_EM_B13F3_256
 
Document Description
Vote for Javits flyer.
 
Questions
  1. Based on this election appeal by Senator Javits, identify two issues designed to attract Hispanic voter support.
 

     Mayor Lindsay marching with Herman Badillo and Transit Police

Mayor Lindsay marching with Herman Badillo and Transit Police

New York City Municipal Archives, NYCMA_JVL_24
 
Document Description
Herman Badillo and Mayor Lindsay in New York City Parade, ca. 1960s.
 
Questions
  1. Describe the activity in the photo.
  2. Why is it significant that Herman Badillo is in the front?