New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_A3994
Brazilian plantation workers load bags of coffee berries onto carts pulled by mules, 1900.
What are the people in the picture doing?
What are they carrying on the cart?
How does farming in this picture look different from the way farming is done now? Why would people be using carts instead of trucks?
How can you tell that this picture was taken over 100 years ago? What problems and/or disadvantages do you think occur with this type of farming?
Look at the clothing in the picture. What was life like for these people? Why would children be in this picture?
Find out about the differences between the wet and dry methods of producing coffee. Compare the end results, especially the quality of the coffee and the final costs of the coffee.
Math: Using whole beans and a coffee grinder, find out the average number of beans it takes to make a cup of coffee. Calculate how many coffee beans would be necessary to make enough coffee for all the teachers in the school.
Science: Examine different types of coffee beans. Make observations based on sight, smell, etc.
English Language Arts: Create a poster based on different coffee beans. Write short explanations of how the beans are classified.
Bauer, Brandy. Brazil: Questions and Answers about Countries. Capstone Press, 2004. ISBN: 0736824812
Black, Carolyn. Brazil: The Land. Crabtree Publishing Company, 2003. ISBN: 0778793389
Heinrichs, Ann. Brazil. New York: Children’s Press, 1997. ISBN: 0516203282
Holiday, Jane. Exploring Brazil with the 5 Themes of Geography. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2005. ISBN: 0823946398
Jermyn, Leslie. Brazil. Milwaukee: Gareth Stevens Pub., 1999. ISBN: 0836822587