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Horatio Gates to General Ward, Fresh Troops Fort Ticonderoga, November 9, 1776

Letter from Horatio Gates at Fort Ticonderoga to General Ward regarding a transfer of fresh troops for the exhausted and diseased ones

Letter from Horatio Gates at Fort Ticonderoga to General Ward regarding a transfer of fresh troops for the exhausted and diseased ones

Other, USMA_Gates_Ward
 
Document Description
Letter from Horatio Gates to General Ward to exchange fatigued troops at Fort Ticonderoga for fresh troops from New Hampshire, November 9th 1776.
 
Transcription
 
Ticonderoga November 9th 1776
 Dear General,
                         The Deputies from the State of New Hampshire, have informed me, that there is a Continental Regiment, raised in that State, under the command of Colonel Pierce Long, Stationed at Portsmouth as the Regiments from that State, now at this post, have suffered exceedingly by Defeat, Disease, & Fatigue, it would most certainly be fore the Immediate Benefit of the Service, that Col. Lon’s Regiment should be Order’d to March directly to this place, and the Three Regiments commanded by Stark, Poor, & Reed, shall, upon their arrival, march to Portsmouth, where they can not only be Recruited, but recover’d and refresh’d after the almost unspeakable Fatigue & Distress they have undergone. I beg you to determine upon this matter, without referring it to any
 
any one, but the General Court of your State, as it would defeat every good intention, to delay it longer.
                                                                                    I am
                                                                                                Dear General
                                                                                    Your Affectionate &
                                                                                    Most Obedient
                                                                                    Humble Servant
                                                                                                Horatio Gates
 
 
 
 
 
Questions
When and by whom was this resolution written?
 
What did the Continental Regiment need?
 
Who were the people involved in this letter?
 
 
Historical Challenges
Research the general, colonels, and commanders mentioned in this letter. What was their role and significance in the Continental Army during this time period?
 
 
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English: Write a journal entry from the point of view of a soldier in the New Hampshire Continental Regiment. Be sure to describe the conditions, his feelings, and their concerns about the future.
 
 
Resources
Graphic Organizer for a Written Document
 
 

Historical Context
As the impending war drew closer, the newly independent states needed to raise and supply an army capable of defeating a major world power: Great Britain. Originally defended by the local militia, the former colonies established the Continental Army in April of 1775. George Washington was named the Commander-in-Chief. Washington and leaders in the government set out to furnish an army that could defeat England, in order to fight for their independence.
            The matter of supplying an army was of great concern for these new states. At the very least, soldiers needed food, clothing, and weapons. The army used several means to supply the army, ranging from issuing bills of credit to foraging.
 
 
Essential Question
How did the need to supply an army impact the newly independent states?
 
 
Check for Understanding
Write a paragraph explaining the answer to the following question, using evidence from the document: What plea was the author of this letter making and what problem were they trying to resolve?