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Hudson River Looking North from West Point, c. 1900

N.Y. North from West Point Monument.
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_D47_HuA4
Document Description
The Hudson Riverlooking north from Trophy Point at West Point, New York, circa 1900.
What does the term "estuary" mean?
Is this photograph looking upriver or downriver?
What cities does the Hudson River flow past north of West Point?
What is the largest city on the Hudson River south of West Point?
What are some other important rivers in New York?
Historical Challenges
West Point was an important military post in the Revolutionary War. Why was West Point a good location for a military post? What role did it play in the Revolutionary War? What institution was established at West Point in 1802?
Interdisciplinary Connections
Science: How does the mixture of salt water and fresh water in an estuary affect wildlife? How is the Hudson River affected by tides? Besides the Hudson River, are there any other estuaries in New York State?
English Language Arts: You are a fisherman on a trip down the Hudson River. Write a postcard home describing your travels.
Lourie, Peter. Hudson River: An Adventure from the Mountains to the Sea. Honesdale, PA: Caroline House, 1992. ISBN: 1878093010

Historical Context
The Hudson River is the longest New York State river, flowing more than 300 miles.  The river passes the state's capital, Albany, flows past West Point, and empties into the Atlantic Ocean near the tip of Manhattan Island.  The Hudson River becomes an estuary when its fresh water mixes with the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean.
Essential Question
How does geography influence human settlement patterns and economic systems?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain the influence of this waterway on New York settlement and economy.