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Looking up at the American Falls, Niagara Falls, 1935

American Fall from Below
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_Dn_Ni37
 
Document Description
A view from below of the American Falls at Niagara Falls, August 1935.
 
Questions
What two countries does Niagara Falls border?
How many falls make up Niagara Falls?
Does this photograph display multiple falls, or just one?
How old is Niagara Falls?
Why do you think the man was photographed next to the falls?
 
Historical Challenges
Niagara Falls was the subject of what international treaty?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Science: What is the rate of erosion at Niagara Falls today? How and why has the rate of erosion at Niagara Falls changed in the past 100 years?
 
English Language Arts: Create a travel brochure for people visiting Niagara Falls. Include five interesting facts about the falls.
 
Resources
Bauer, Marion Dane. Niagara Falls. New York: Aladdin, 2006. ISBN: 0689869452.
 
Berton, Pierre. Niagara: A History of the Falls. New York: Kodansha International, 1997. ISBN: 1568361548
Charles, Veronika Martenova. The Maiden of the Mist: A Legend of Niagara Falls. Toronto: Stoddart Kids, 2001. ISBN: 0773762078, 0773732977
Whitcraft, Melissa. The Niagara River. New York: Franklin Watts, 2001. ISBN: 0531119033
Vander Wilt, Dirk. Niagara Falls: A Guide for Tourists. New York: Parkscape Press, 2005. ISBN: 0976706415
 

Historical Context
Niagara Falls is a set of massive waterfalls located on the Niagara River in eastern North America on the border between the United States and Canada. The falls is the second-largest falls in the world after Victoria Falls in southern Africa. Niagara Falls is made up of three different falls: Bridal Veil Falls, Horseshoe Falls, and the American Falls.

Niagara Falls is only 12,000 years old.  It was created by the glaciers pressing down on the land and gouging out the surface, and then melting and releasing large amounts of water.  The falls are a valuable source of hydroelectric power for both Ontario and New York. 

 
Essential Question
How does geography influence human settlement patterns and economic systems?
 
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and explain the influence of geography on New York's settlement and economy.