On April 18, 1775, Paul Revere lit a lantern in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston to warn the Americans that the British were invading. People knew the "signal" in advance: "one if by land, two if by sea." British troops were on a mission to capture guns and powder the Americans had hidden in Concord, Massachusetts, so Paul Revere rode his horse through the night warning people that “The British are coming!” At Lexington, 70 brave Americans, known as the Minute Men (because they were ready to fight at a minute's notice) battled with 180 Redcoats (British soldiers). The Americans fought bravely but could not hold back the Redcoats, who pushed on to Concord. At Concord, the British were held back from obtaining the valuable ammunition and stores, and they retreated back towards Boston. In Concord, forty-nine Americans and seventy-three British were killed, and thus the “shot heard around the world” started the American Revolution.
What role does geography play in the way wars are fought?
Check for Understanding
Identify three key characteristics of this map and explain the significance of this location in the American fight for independence.