By 1650, the explorations of North America by Spain, France, England, and the Netherlands had led to the formation of settlements and colonies. The first permanent European settlement in the United States was St. Augustine, founded in 1565 in present-day Florida. Nearly fifty years passed before the next successful European settlements were founded, which included the Spanish settlement of Santa Fe in New Mexico (1607), the English settlement of Jamestown in Virginia (1607), the French settlement of Quebec in Canada (1608), and the Dutch trading post Fort Nassau at Albany, New York (1614).
Although the Spanish, French, English, and Dutch are better known for the exploration and colonization of the New World, Sweden, another powerful force in Europe at the time, also sent colonists to North America. The colony of New Sweden, shown on the map south of New Netherlands, was established when the first ship of the New Sweden Company landed in Delaware Bay in March of 1638. The colony eventually expanded along the Delaware River in present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.
How does geography influence the development of societies and boundaries?
Check for Understanding
Identify three key characteristics of this map and explain how those characteristics influenced the development of these societies and boundaries.