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New York State Food Supply Commission Poster, May 8, 1917

Food Supply Poster

New York State Archives, NYSA_A3167-78A_B5_WWICommittee_PatriotismThroughEducation
 
Document Description
New York State Food Supply Commission for Patriotic Agricultural Service poster announces state agricultural news related to World War I, May 8, 1917.
 
Questions
Who did Wilson say the extra food would help?
What services did Wilson offer to farmers through the state and federal governments?
What specific services was New York State offering in this poster?
Why did many farmers spend their own time and money to produce extra food for the war?
How did Farm Cadets contribute to the war effort?
 
Historical Challenges
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, farming was the major source of income for Americans. Research the role of American farmers in another period in American history. You might consider the American Revolution on the early years of the Republic when doing your research.
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Write letter to a farmer asking to work on his farm during the summer. Be sure to include why you want to work as a farm cadet and how you will be of help on the farm.
Math: If 1,400 farmers wanted to buy seed potatoes, how many bushels could each farmer buy?
Science: Research new farm technologies available to farmers during World War I. How did these new technologies help farmers produce more food?
 
Resources
Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. Harper Collins: New York, 1995.
The New York Times. ASKS NEWSPAPERS FOR AID.; Secretary Wilson Urges Them to Help Mobilize Farm, Labor. Mar 22, 1918, Friday Page 20, 480 words Retrieved from:http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9F04E7DF1E3FE433A25751C2A9659C946996D6CF
Wilson, Woodrow. Do Your Bit for America. 15 April 1917 retrieved from: http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/doyourbit.htm
 

 

Historical Context
On April, 15, 1917, just a few weeks after the United States entered World War I, President Wilson addressed the nation. He requested that every American do their part to help the war effort. Specifically, Wilson called upon farmers to use every acre of land to produce extra food for the troops and allies. Wilson offered federal and state programs to provide access to seed, labor, and transportation. This food supply poster, issued by the New York State Food Supply Commission, informed farmers of the various services available to them for supporting the war effort. 

The poster gives information on how to obtain extra seed, tractors, labor, and transportation, but also states that these items are not free to the farmer. Farmers still had to purchase the extra supplies with their own money. The state was only providing easier access to the various components needed for additional crop production. Many farmers willingly grew more food, as they believed this was their patriotic duty. 

The Farm Cadet Program, also called the New York State Boys’ Working Reserve, allowed high school students to enroll as farm laborers. Farm Cadets could work on their own family farms or be placed on another farm in the state. The state required each farm cadet to submit an essay at the end of their service documenting their activities and the ways in which they contributed to the war effort. Although not old enough to fight on the battlefield, these individuals could provide the labor necessary to maximize food production for both the local communities and the world. Both the federal Food Administrations and the state Food Commission promoted the idea that contributing to the production of food was both a public duty and a patriotic act.
 
Essential Question
How does war affect a nation's economy?
 
Check for Understanding
In what ways, did New York State attempt to satifsy the economic demands of war?