Kheel Center for Labor Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University, KHE_5510_B47F3_033
Poster from Local 1199 calling for public support of a hospital workers' strike, 1959
What percentage of Negroes and Latin Americans work as non-professionals in the 81 voluntary hospitals of New York City?
What are the reasons they are striking?
When and where are they marching?
How is the union making it easier for marchers to participate?
Which union represents the striking workers?
Why do you think the Hospital Association is against the union?
Why do you think this poster is titled “Operation Humanity”?
Learn more about the AFL-CIO and Local 1199 using the resources listed below. Decide how important it is for employees to have the right to join a union for collective bargaining purposes. Stage a recreation of a bargaining session between management and labor. What would be the goals of each side? How would they resolve their differences?
English Language Arts: Research and write a biography of one of the supporters of the strike listed on the poster.
Math: Convert the 1959 wages to those of today using an inflation calculator found on the Web. Find out wages of non-professionals in hospitals today and compare the wages.
Filippelli, Ronald L. 1984. Labor in the USA: A History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.
Fink, Leon, and Brian Greenberg. 1989. Upheaval in the Quiet Zone: A History of Hospital Workers’ Union Local 1199. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
Foner, Moe, and Dan North. 2002. Not for Bread Alone: A Memoir. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002.
Zieger, Robert H., and Gilbert J. Gall. 2002. American Workers, American Unions: The Twentieth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.