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Overseer of the Poor Record, Town of Orange, Rockland County, April 13, 1803

Payment authorization to treasurer for support and maintenance of children born to slaves, 1807

Payment authorization to treasurer for support and maintenance of children born to slaves, 1807

New York State Archives, NYSA_B1718-00_01
 
Document Description
Overseer of the Poor Record for Support of Children of Slaves, Town of Orange, Rockland County, April 13, 1803.
 
Questions
What does this document show?
Who benefits from these transactions?
How does this document relate to the gradual emancipation act of 1799?
 
Resources
Berlin, Ira and Leslie Harris. Slavery in New York.
 
            Johnson, Mat. The Great Negro Plot: A Tale of Conspiracy and Murder in Eighteenth
Century New York.
           
Singer, Alan J. New York and Slavery: Time to Teach the Truth.
 
 

About this Activity

 

Lesson Topic:

 

Historical Context
White New Yorkers were divided over slavery even after the close of the American Revolution.  They remained divided over the issue of equal rights for blacks far longer.  While gradual emancipation proceeded according to state laws passed in 1799 and 1817, other laws and the 1821 state constitution barred large numbers of free blacks from voting.  New York's black abolitionists had many allies in the fight to end slavery nationwide, but found fewer supporters in their quest for equal voting rights in their own state.  Following the Civil War, many white New Yorkers resisted the national movement for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing equal voting rights for all men.  As late as 1869, a majority of the state's voters cast ballots in favor of retaining property qualifications that kept New York's polls closed to many blacks.  African American men did not obtain equal voting rights in New York until ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870.
 
Essential Question
Was New York a perfect model for the best way to end slavery?
 
 
Check for Understanding
Explain how this document relates to slavery in New York?