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Political Cartoon about the Need for Food, World War I, Palladium Times, Oswego, June 26, 1918

Keep Old Glory Waving

New York State Archives, NYSA_A0226-78_B3_F2_PublicDuty
Document Description
A cartoon depicting the need for food during World War I from the Palladium Times in Oswego, June 26, 1918.
What is the “Public Duty” in this cartoon? Explain your answer.
What message is the artist trying to send? Explain your answer.
Who is Augustin McNally? What is his role in the cartoon? Explain your answer.
How does the artist represent the government?
Historical Challenges
Research the current role of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). How does this government institution serve the American people? Compare the FDAs current role to the role of the Food Administration in World War I. How has the influence of this office changed or stayed the same? Explain your answer.
Interdisciplinary Connections
Art: In many ways, environmental conservation has become a “public duty” for Americans today. Design a poster encouraging modern Americans to do their part to protect the environment.
English Language Arts: Write a letter to your senator or representative expressing concern about a specific issue in your community. Explain why the issue is important to you and ways you think the government and members of the community could help solve the problem.
Science: What threats exist today regarding the American food supply? How might the FDA encourage Americans to help with solving these problems?
Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. Harper Collins: New York, 1995.
New York Times article. ASKS NEWSPAPERS FOR AID.; Secretary Wilson Urges Them to Help Mobilize Farm, Labor. Mar 22, 1918, Friday Page 20, 480 words


Historical Context
The presence of over four million American soldiers in Europe meant the absence of those same individuals from the American workforce. Certain areas of the country noticed a significant decline in the number of active farms due to the absent farm labor. State officials feared that if too many farms became inactive during the war a severe food shortage would follow. New York State attempted to solve the issue of a labor shortage by enacting several programs which recruited workers and students into farm labor. 

The government used advertising through posters and newspapers to mobilize the citizens of New York to do their part in providing farm labor. Cartoons, like this one on Public Duty, appeared throughout local newspapers which brought the issue to the attention of state residents. Both the federal Food Administration and the state Food Commission promoted the idea that contributing to the production of food was both a public duty and a patriotic act.
Essential Question
How do nation's attempt to satisfy their basic economic needs during times of war?
Check for Understanding
Describe the message of this cartoon and explain the purpose of such a message.