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Rationing "Proved Spirit of Democracy," Newspaper Article, World War I, c. 1917

Food Rationing 1
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3167-78A_B7_WW1_Material_09_p1
 
Document Description
World War I era newspaper article about food rationing "Proved Spirit of Democracy," c. 1917.
 
Questions
What type of document is this?
Give examples of how farmers contributed to the war effort.
What is meant that “no one suffered here”?
Why should someone be proud to be a food saver?
 
Historical Challenges
Identify the various ways Americans “sacrificed” during the war.
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
ELA: Write a letter to the editor either agreeing or disagreeing with the article.
 
Resources
Harries, M. & Susie Harries. The Last Days of Innocence: America at War 1917-1918. NY, Random House, 1997.
Kennedy, David. Over Here: The First World War and American Society. NY, Oxford University Press, 1980.
Paxson, Frederic. American Democracy and the World War. NY, Cooper Square, 1966.
Schaffer, Ronald. America in the Great War. NY, Oxford University Press, 1991.
 

Historical Context
America’s entrance into World War I caused a massive shift in economic and social policy as well as the obvious political-diplomatic stance. The pressing concerns of establishing and supplying a multi-million person armed force and US allies in Europe, challenged the Wilson Administration to bring about unprecedented levels of change to meet the nation’s needs.

Yet, the country rallied to a patriotism that was as unprecedented as the scope of the changing political landscape. In some way, American’s feverish nationalistic response to the war made the necessary changes possible. The loyalty to democracy was imbedded in every liberty bond purchase, every sacrifice of food stuffs, and, unfortunately, every violent reaction against aliens from other countries. The compliant volunteerism made the strict controls and policies of the War Industry Board and the Food Administration a part of wartime culture. Meanwhile, the Wilson Administration could remain true to ideals of coercion rather than compulsion. The success of these war councils and boards in meeting the needs of the nation during World War I depended upon and was at the same time intertwined with American patriotism that soared as US involvement in the war increased.
 

 
Essential Question
How does military conflict impact a national economy?
 
Check for Understanding
Describe the strategies used to counter the economic strains of the war and explain how these strategies would contribute to the war effort.