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Resolution Regarding Obstructing and Fortifying the Hudson River, February 18, 1778

Resolution regarding obstructing and fortifying Hudson River

Resolution regarding obstructing and fortifying Hudson River

New York State Archives, NYSA_A0142-77_1087
 
Document Description
Resolution regarding obstructing and fortifying the Hudson River, February 18, 1778.
 
Transcription
In Congress Feb 18th 1778
                                                                        Duplicate (40)
Resolved,
                        That governor Clinton be authorized and requested to Superintend the business of obstructing, fortifying and securing the passes of the north on Hudson’s river agreeable to the resolutions of the 5th of November last, and to employ the militia of the State of New York, and to call upon the States of Massachusetts by and Connecticut for such parts of their militia as he may think necessary and those states can spare, for this important business.
            That the commanding officer at Peekskill be ordered and directed to furnish governor Clinton with money from the military chest, and to give him every assistance in his power in forwarding and perfecting the business committed to him.
                        That warrant issue on the commissioner of the town office in the State of New York in favor of governor Clinton for 50,000 dollars toward defraying the charge of the business intrusted to him.
 
                                                                                                Extract from the minutes
                                                                                                            Cha Thomson Esq
 
 
 
Questions
What type of document is this excerpt taken from?  What evidence from the document tells you that?
 
What permission is this document giving?  To whom is it giving that permission?
How will that person be supported in the “request” he is being given?  Is this more of a “request” or “order”?  What evidence in the text leads you to believe that?
 
How do other states support New York State during the war?
 
What elements of geography are present in this document?  What influence do you believe that geography has decisions made by the author of this document?
 
 
Historical Challenges
Research the war in New York during 1778.  What evidence of a response to this request from Congress do you find? 
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Write a letter from Governor Clinton to the Congress responding to the instructions given in this letter.  Be sure to explain and describe any questions or concerns you may have. 
 
 

Historical Context
As the impending war drew closer, the newly independent states needed to raise and supply an army capable of defeating a major world power: Great Britain. Originally defended by the local militia, the former colonies established the Continental Army in April of 1775. George Washington was named the Commander-in-Chief and the leaders set out to build an army that could defeat England.
 
Despite major obstacles, the former colonies were able to build an army. The major advantage for the Americans came from their knowledge of geographical features within the colonies. Geography played a major role in many of the battles of the American Revolution.
 
 
Essential Question
How did geographical features affect military strategy during the Revolutionary War?
 
Check for Understanding
After completing a Written Document Analysis graphic organizer, students should answer the following question with evidence from the document.
 
What is the main purpose of this document, and what evidence does the author provide to support his argument?