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Resolutions Pertaining to the Clothier General (with lists), American Revolution, June 18, 1781

Resolutions pertaining to the Clothier General (with lists)

Resolutions pertaining to the Clothier General (with lists)

New York State Archives, NYSA_A0142-77_3777
 
Document Description
United States Congress committee report about the Clothier General and obligations to provide clothing annually to all non-commissioned officers and soldiers who enlisted during the Revolutionary War, June 18, 1781.
 
Transcription
By the United State in Congress assembled
                                                            June 18th 1781
 
            The committee to whom was recommitted their report on the Clothier department together with the letter of I. Moylan clothier General delivered on a report which was taken into Consideration and thereupon
            Resolved,
                        That all State purchases of clothing on Continental account and all State appointments and regulations in the clothing department on Continental account be abolished on the first day of September, at or before which time the Sub and Agent Clothiers are to deliver to the Clothier General or his order all Clothing procured at Continental expence which they may have on hand taking his receipt therefore a duplicate whereof to be transmitted to the Treasury Office.
            Resolved,
                        That the Clothier General in the Month of June annually make and deliver in to the Board of War an Estimate of clothing and Disbursements for clothing for a Year from the first day of November then next that Congress may be enabled to furnish the proper sum and adopt the necessary measures for procuring the same.
                        That all Non-commissioned Officers and Soldiers who are or may hereafter be enlisted during the War be annually furnished with
 
            One Regimental Coat- full made                                            Four shirts
            One cloth Vest                                                                                    Two pair Linen Overalls
            One pair Cloth Breeches                                                         Four pair Strong Shoes
            One pair Woolen Overalls                                                       One Blanket
            Two pair Woolen Hose                                                           One Rifle Shirt
            Two pair Woolen Socks                                                          One pair Woolen Gloves
            One Felt Hat or Leather Cap
 
Also one pair Shoe Buckles and one Stock Clasp every two Years.
The Dragoons to receive two pair Boots and one pair Spurs instead of the Shoes and Buckles annually, also a Horsemans cloak every two Years.
                        That the commander in chief and the Commanding Generals in a Separate department, respectively be and hereby are authorized to direct whatever Clothing shall from time to time be dealt out to the Artificers and Waggoners having regard to the nature of their Service and the Forms of their Contract and time for which they are engaged.
 
Page 2 -           that summer Clothing be ready to be issued on the fifteenth day of April annually and the Winter Clothing on the first day of November following to be delivered at such time as the commander in Chief or Commanding General in a separate department shall direct.
            That the Clothier General deal out the clothing Regimentally and keep regular accounts against the respective Regimental Clothiers taking particular care to have the clothing equally and impartially distributed when it is found incompent for the whole army.
            That previous to the day of General issue, the Regimental Clothiers settle their accounts with the Clothier General and receive his Certificate of the Arrearages of Clothing due to their respective Regiments and present him with a return of the number of men for whom clothing is to be drawn on the day of General issue, the said return to be examined and certified by the officers commanding their respective Regiments and signed by the Brigades of Officer commanding the Brigade.     
            That all extra issues to detachments for accidental loss of clothing be by Certificates of the commanding officer of the Regiment or detachment to which the non-commissioned officers or soldiers in whose behalf such application is made shall belong the said certificates being approved and signed by the commander in chief of commanding General of a Separate Amy.
            That all issues of clothing be made form the Magazines or places of General Issue with t eh Army and to avoid the necessity of detached issues the officers commanding parties or detachments are to be answerable that they are supplied so far as may be from the magazines or Stores at Camp previous to their leaving the Army to which they belong.
            That no article of clothing be issued by the clothier general his deputies or assistants but by return and Certificates made and approved as aforesaid.
            That no Non-commissioned Officer or Soldier who is not engaged during the War or for the term at least of one Year be furnished with any article of clothing.
            That the Clothier General from time to time notify the pay master General of all Surplusages of Clothing specifying the corps
 
Page 3 - to which they belong that Stopages may be made therefore.
            That he made returns to the Board of War of all clothing on hand & persons employed in the department with the wages given to each regularly once in every two months.
            That the Quarter Master General and his deputies in the several States shall on the Requisitions of the Clothier General furnish the means of transportation of all Articles of clothing from the places when imported received or purchased to the places of deposit and the Careful Waggon Master or conductor to be appointed by the Quarter Master General or some of his deputies shall proceed with the clothing who shall be and ever able for all deficiencies on the road unless they shall be able to show that the same happened by unavoidable accidents and not through their misconduct or want of attention.
            That in case Injuries or deficiencies happening in the transportation of clothing the Clothier Stationed at the Magazines or place of deposit shall represent the matter to the nearest commanding officer of the troops of the United States that the Waggon master or conductor having charge of the Clothing so damaged or deficient may be tried by a Court Martial and if found guilty compelled to restore the goods lost or their Value or make Satisfaction for damages accrued through his negligence or Mismanagement or be punished according to the nature of the offence by Judgment of the court martial.
            That the Clothier General have the management Direction & Superintendance of Hides subject to the orders of the board of War with full powers to call for proper returns from such persons as have heretofore had the management of Hides.
            That all commissaries make monthly returns to the clothier General of the hides on hand and that the Commissary General make monthly returns to him of all live cattle delivered over to the commissaries of the Army.
            That the Quarter Master General or his deputy on the application of the Clothier General or either of his Deputies furnish Waggons for transporting raw or manufactured Hides to such places as they shall direct.
            That the clothier General with the Concurrence of the Superintendant of finance be authorized to appoint such number
 
Page 4 - of persons to transact the Business of the Clothing department during the present Campaign as they may from time to time find necessary and to ascertain their wages
            That the Clothier General make monthly returns to the Commander in Chief.
            That all resolutions heretofore passed respecting the Clothing and Hide Departments inconsistent with the Arrangement and the Resolutions now passed be and they are hereby repealed.
                                                                                    Extract from the Minutes
                                                                                                Geo. Bond Dept
 
 
 
Questions
When and by whom was this resolution written?
What were some of the articles of clothing that soldiers in the Continental Army needed?
Who were the individuals involved in ensuring that the troops had the clothing they needed?
 
 
Historical Challenges
Research the manufacturing of clothing during this time period. Who made the clothing for the soldiers of the Continental Army? How would the large need of clothing and supplies effect the economy of the United States?
 
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Art: Create a drawing of a soldier in the Continental Army. Be sure to include the clothing that each soldier wore, based on the document.
 
Math: Create a histogram showing the amount of each type of clothing needed by the soldiers (as listed in the primary document) for a troop of 50 soldiers.
 
 
 
 
Resources
Organization of the Clothing Department. George Washington University. Web. 20
March 2013. http://www.history.army.mil/books/RevWar/risch/chpt-9.htm
 
 

Historical Context
As the impending war drew closer, the newly independent states needed to raise and supply an army capable of defeating a major world power: Great Britain. Originally defended by the local militia, the former colonies established the Continental Army in April of 1775. George Washington was named the Commander-in-Chief. Washington and leaders in the government set out to furnish an army that could defeat England, and fight for their independence.
            The matter of supplying an army was of great concern for these new states. At the very least, soldiers needed food, clothing, and weapons. The army used several means to supply the army, ranging from issuing bills of credit to foraging.
 
 
Essential Question
How did the need to supply an army impact the newly independent states?
 
 
Check for Understanding
Write a paragraph explaining the answer to the following question, using evidence from the document: What problems or issues did this resolution try to resolve?