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Return of Civil War Officers and Enlisted Men Who Have Been in the Military or Naval Service, Volume 5

Return of Civil War Officers and Enlisted Men Who Have Been in the Military or Naval Service, Volume 5

Return of Civil War Officers and Enlisted Men Who Have Been in the Military or Naval Service, Volume 5

New York State Archives, NYSA_A0389-78_2_V5
 
Document Description
Register of officers and enlisted men mustered into federal military or naval service during the Civil War, 1861-1865.
 
Questions
What do all the men on this page have in common?
What is the average age of the men listed?
Who is the oldest? Who is the youngest?
What positions would have needed to be filled after these men left for war?
 

About this Activity

 

Lesson Topic:

 

Historical Context
When the American Civil War began in 1861, citizens of both the North and South had no idea how long the conflict would last. Many Northerners, including the Union army leaders, envisioned a three-month war that would quickly bring the South back into the Union. The assumption that it would be a short war, coupled with a surge in patriotism, led thousands of New Yorkers to voluntarily join the army. The men of the Penny family were no exception.

In 1860, the Penny family consisted of seven members: Elijah, Jane, Archibald, Alfred, Eugene, Charles, and Louise. They lived in the town of Southeast in Putnam County, New York. Elijah, the father, and the two older boys, Archibald and Alfred all volunteered to fight for the Union in 1861. The letters, census records, and military documents all provide a glimpse into one New York family's experience during this time of national unrest.

 
Essential Question
What impact did the Civil War have on individual citizens, families, and local communities?
 
Check for Understanding
Create a visual representation of the information contained within this document.