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Reunion at Gettysburg, 1913

Civil War. Reunion of 1913 at Gettysburg Showing the Hospital, Tents and Amubulance
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_8437
 
Document Description
Civil War 50th anniversary reunion at Gettysburg with hospital, tents and ambulance of Pennsylvania State Department of Health, 1913.
 
Questions
How do you think the geography of the Gettysburg landscape influenced the battle?
Where would an advantageous place be located?
 
Historical Challenges
Who was the only civilian casualty of the Battle of Gettysburg? How many people from Gettysburg actually fought in the battle?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Pretend you are a resident of the town of Gettysburg. Write a diary entry explaining your feelings and what is happening after the battle is over.
 
Resources
Abnett, Dan. Gamble for Victory: Battle of Gettysburg. Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN: 184603051X.
Kantor, MacKinlay. Gettysburg. New York: Random House, 1980. ISBN: 0394891813.
Pingry, Patricia A. The Story of Gettysburg. Nashville: Ideals Publications, 2003. ISBN: 0824965035.
Rice, Earle. Gettysburg. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2002. ISBN: 0791066843, 0791071081 (pbk.).
 

About this Activity

 

Lesson Topic:

 

Historical Context
In June of 1863, General Lee led his Confederate Army across the Virginia border into Pennsylvania.  The Union reacted by ordering General Mead to lead his Union Army north from Washington into Pennsylvania.  On July 1, the Confederate Army raided the town of Gettysburg for shoes.  By chance, they encountered Union cavalrymen, and the battle began.  The fighting lasted three days and ended on July 3, 1863 with a Union victory.  Some 75,000 Confederate troops and 80,000 Union troops fought at Gettysburg.

The small town of Gettysburg (population 2,400) was left with a total of 51,000 battlefield casualties.  The battlefield encompassed twenty-five square miles. General Lee retreated south into Virginia. The Confederate troops would never recover from the devastating losses at Gettysburg and never again attempted an offensive operation.

 
Essential Question
How does war impact a society?
 
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in the photograph and evaluate the impact of the Civil War on the lives of these men.