New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_A435
Two run-down outhouses next to a school building, circa 1911.
Math: Graph and analyze the number of people that died from diseases related to sanitary conditions (cholera, typhoid).
Science: Explore medical inventions and discoveries that have improved the life expectancy of US citizens.
English Language Arts: After examining conditions of some rural schools, write letters to public officials demanding improvements be made of sanitation conditions.
Gordon, Richard. An Alarming History of Famous and Difficult Patients: Amusing Medical Anecdotes from Typhoid Mary to FDR. St. Martin's Press, February 1997. ISBN: 0312150482
Kennedy, Michael. A Brief History of Disease, Science and Medicine. Asklepiad Press, January 2004. ISBN: 0974946648
Manson, Ainslie and Mary Jane Gerber. House Calls: The True Story of a Pioneer Doctor. Groundwood Books, October 2001. ISBN: 088899446X
Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. A Coal Miner's Bride: Diary of Anetka Kaminska (Dear America). Scholastic, Inc., June 2000. ISBN: 0439053862