New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_A9971
Cutting soles and heels for shoes at the Endicott Johnson Plant in Endicott, New York, 1917.
Look at the shapes these men are cutting. Now look at your shoes. What part of the shoes do you think they are making?
Why do you think it is important for the workers to get the hides as smooth and even as possible?
How did these men know what size to cut the shape?
Do you think there were as many sizes as there are today? Why?
Create a visual timeline about how shoes have evolved. Research how shoes are made today.
Math: Pretend the Endicott Johnson Factory produced 3,261 shoes in 1908, 3,390 shoes in 1909, 3,176 in 1910, and 3,250 in 1911. Make a graph of the production.
Science: Why is leather a good material for making shoes?
English Language Arts: Create a chart that shows the process of making a shoe. Make an original shoe design and create advertisements for it.
Aswad, Ed and Suzanne Meredith. Endicott Johnson (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing SC, October 2003. ISBN: 0738513067
Lawlor, Laurie. Where Will This Shoe Take You?: A Walk through the History of Footwear. Walker & Company, June 1996. ISBN: 0802784348
Yue, Charlotte. Shoes: Their History in Words and Pictures. DIANE Publishing Company, August 2000. ISBN: 0788194658
Vanderbilt, Tom. The Sneaker Book: Anatomy of an Industry and an Icon. New Press, The, July 1998. ISBN: 1565844068