New York State Archives, NYSA_A3167-78A_B3_F9_04
Photograph of soldiers wearing gas masks, World War I, c. 1917.
Why were attacks using gas an effective method of fighting during World War I? Explain your answer.
What were some risks of using gas warfare? Given these risks, why did armies use this method of warfare?
How do you think the soldiers viewed gas warfare?
How do you think the American public felt about the use of gas warfare?
How did gas warfare affect the local European communities during World War I? Compare the effects of modern war on the civilians of Afghanistan to the effects of gas warfare on the civilians of European communities during World War I.
English Language Arts: Write an editorial to your local newspapers either supporting or opposing a current war effort. The editorial must address the issue of the threat of civilian casualties and why you think they are justified by the war effort or a reason why the war is wrong.
Science: Not everyone exposed to the gases of World War I died. Research the long-term effects of exposure to gases used in warfare. What types of diseases are common in individuals exposed to these gases? What are the symptoms associated with these diseases?
Smith, J.S. Trench Warfare: a manual for officers and men. E.P. Dutton: New York, 1917.