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Statue of Henry Hudson, New York City, c. 1900

New York City. Henry Hudson Statue, Exchange Court Building
New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_D47_NE44
Document Description
A statue of Henry Hudson at the Exchange Court Building in New York City. Photograph taken circa 1900.
What do you think this man was like?
How is his clothing alike and different from clothing men wear today? 
How are his clothes suited to his work?
Why would someone make a statue of him?
Why would this statue be located in New York City instead of, say, Los Angeles?
Historical Challenges
Where did Henry Hudson travel on his four voyages of exploration?
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: What happened to Henry Hudson? Finish his story. Start your historical fiction account when he was sent adrift in Hudson Bay with seven companions, one gun, some powder and shot, an iron pot, some meal, and a chest of carpenter’s tools.
Fradin, Dennis B. The New York Colony. Chicago: Children's Press, 1988. ISBN: 0516003895
Gleason, Carrie. Henry Hudson: Seeking the Northwest Passage. New York: Crabtree, 2005. ISBN: 0778724085, 0778724441

Goodman, Joan Elizabeth.Beyond the Sea of Ice: The Voyages of Henry Hudson. New York: Mikaya Press, 1999. ISBN: 0965049388.

Linehan, Stephen. New Netherland: An Exploration of Past and Present: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum for the 4th Grade. Albany, NY: New Netherland Museum, 2004. ISBN: 0974822302. (Available at
Petrie, Kristin. Henry Hudson. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub. Co., 2007. ISBN: 159679741X.

Smalley, Carol Parenzan. Henry Hudson. Hockessin, Del.: Mitchell Lane Publishers, 2006. ISBN: 1584154799
West, Tracey. Voyage of the Half Moon. New York: Silver Moon Press, 1993. ISBN: 1881889181

Historical Context
Henry Hudson was the first European explorer to travel up the Hudson River to Albany and to leave detailed accounts of his journey. Unfortunately, little is known about his early life and death. He was born near London, but the date is unknown. He had a wife and children and may have been a member of a prominent family. He made four major voyages of exploration for both England and Holland. The last record of him is on June 22, 1611, on his fourth and last voyage in Hudson Bay. A mutinous crew forced him overboard with seven companions and very little supplies. His ultimate fate is unknown.

In 1608, Henry Hudson was hired by the Dutch East India Company to find an all-water route to Asia by sailing northeast from Holland. The Dutch East India Company had already established strong relationships with the traders of Asia, but wanted to find a shorter route than the one that was being used, which required a journey around the Cape of Good Hope in Africa.

Henry Hudson’s ship, the "Half Moon," was an eighty-ton ship with a crew of eighteen to twenty English and Dutch sailors. The "Half Moon" left Amsterdam in April of 1609 and headed northeast across the Atlantic Ocean. Hudson landed along the coast of Maine and then continued south to Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. After deciding that these were not the passageways he was looking for, Hudson turned north, discovering and exploring the Hudson River along the way.


Essential Question
How do individuals influence historical events?
Check for Understanding
Describe the object and evaluate the importance of Henry Hudson in the history of New York.