New York State Archives, NYSA_A3029-78_B1_F1
A woman works in a textile mill in Utica, New York. This image may be described in #55 of "Photographs Taken by Factory Commission in 1912."
Why do you think that women often came from the rural areas to work in factories?
Why did women have to work so much?
Where do you think their children were?
Wages in factories in the early 1900s often were not based on hours or days worked. What other method did factory owners use to determine how much money a worker had earned? Find out what a wage for a woman in a factory might be during this time period. How did wages for women differ from wages for men?
Math: A woman packer at a New York City candy factory earned $4.50 a week for a 60-hour week in 1913. How much did she earn per hour? A male janitor at the same company earned $10.00 a week for a 60-hour week. About how much more per hour did he make than the woman?
English Language Arts: Write a letter to a Congressperson expressing your concerns about the current minimum wage.
Boling, Katherine. January 1905. Harcourt Children's Books, May 2004. ISBN: 0152051198
Paterson, Katherine. Lyddie. Penguin Putnam Books for Young Readers, September 1992. ISBN: 0140349812
Denenberg, Barry. So Far from Home: The Diary of Mary Driscoll, an Irish Mill Girl, Lowell, Massachusetts, 1847 (Dear America Series). Scholastic, Inc., September 1997. ISBN: 0590926675