New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_5457
World War I diagram of Red Cross hierarchy of hospital zones: field hospital, evacuation hospital, Base Hospital and Convalescent and General hospital zone, c. 1917.
What is the smallest division of medical support stations shown in this diagram?
How were wounded people transported from field dressing stations to field hospitals?
Why might the “Convalescent and General Hospital Zone” not be labeled with a certain number of beds as other locations are?
The American Red Cross did much more than provide medical care for wounded soldiers. An active Junior Red Cross also contributed aid to those affected by the World War I both during and after the war years. What were some of the services the Junior Red Cross provided? Is the Junior Red Cross still active today? What opportunities do you have to help those affected by war?
Family and Consumer Sciences: Make teddy bears, blankets, or pillows to donate to children of soldiers. Make a cheerful card to send along with your donation.
English: Write a letter to the American Red Cross or United Service Organizations (U.S.O.) asking what you can do to help families of service members.
Math: Based on the diagram, what is the minimum number of people that 7 base hospitals could care for?
Art: Make a recruitment poster for the American Red Cross (historic or modern). The poster should attract attention, have only a limited amount of text, and send a positive message.
American Red Cross Dept. of Civilian Relief. Handbook of Information for Home Service Sections. New York: Douglas C. McMurtrie, 1918.