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World War I Service Record for Antonio Gonzales, c. 1920

World War I military service abstract for Antonio Gonzalez, Army service number 102825

World War I military service abstract for Antonio Gonzalez, Army service number 102825

New York State Archives, NYSA_B0808-85_Gonzales_Antonio_102825
 
Document Description
World War I service card, Form No. 724-1½ A. G. O., listing personal information, organizations served in, ranks held, engagements, wounds, and discharge date for Antonio Gonzales, ca. 1920.
 
Questions
Where was this soldier born? In what year?
How long did he serve overseas?
What happened to Mr. Gonzales on February 24, 1919?
Did Mr. Gonzales receive any wounds in the service?
 
Historical Challenges
The U.S. drafted non-citizens during World War I. Why would the country do this? Locate draft cards of World War I veterans who were aliens.
Make a list of the countries involved in World War I on both the Allied and Central Powers sides. On which side were the Spanish-speaking countries?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
English Language Arts: Write a letter home as a soldier describing what you have seen overseas. Remember that your letter will be censored. Do you think censorship was necessary? Why or why not?
Science: What is the chemical makeup of mustard gas? Why is it so lethal?
 
Resources
http://www.worldwar1.com/. “Trenches on the Web.”
http://www.genealogybranches.com/worldwaronedraftcards.html
Research World War One Draft Registration Cards Online 1917-1918
http://ingeb.org/songs/wellhowd.html
Lyrics to the World War I song “The Green Fields of France” by Eric Bogle
http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/17.3.pdf
Details the history of Hispanics in all American wars
http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/reference/hisref.htm
New York State Library. "Selected Hispanic and Latino Websites."
 

Historical Context
Service records show biographical information about each soldier, including his address, his place of birth, the unit or units he served with, and any wounds he may have received.    

Latinos have made an outstanding contribution to America by serving in the armed forces.  Today, people of Spanish descent make up 9.5% of all active duty personnel.  Hispanic Americans have been recognized for their bravery and valor, and Latinos as a group have received thirty-nine Medals of Honor in recognition of their accomplished service in the defense of our nation.

There are many stories that demonstrate the gallantry of Hispanic soldiers during the Great War.  One such story involves a young private named Marcelino Serna. Private Serna was wounded on the battlefield in France, but continued to fight, and later captured twenty-four German soldiers.  Private Serna was later awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery in the service of his country.      

Latinos also volunteered in force during World War II.  Although records from this war are incomplete, it is estimated that over 250,000 Latinos fought in the Second World War.  Of these, 56,000 were from Puerto Rico.

 
Essential Question
How do immigrants become a part of a new society?
 
Check for Understanding
Summarize the information found in this document and explain how Antonio Gonzales was a important member of American society.