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World War I Service Record for Carlos Rodriguez, c. 1919

World War I military service abstract for Carlos Fernando Rodriguez, Army service number 3724380

World War I military service abstract for Carlos Fernando Rodriguez, Army service number 3724380

New York State Archives, NYSA_B0808-85_Rodriguez_Carlos_Fernando_3724380
 
Document Description
World War I service card, Form No. 724-1 A. G. O., listing personal information, organizations served in, ranks held, engagements, wounds, and discharge date for Carlos Fernando Rodriguez, ca. 1919.
 
Questions
What purpose did these documents serve?
This soldier was born in Panama.  What unique issues and difficulties might this soldier have had that American-born soldiers wouldn’t have experienced?
Where did this soldier serve in World War I?
Did Private Rodriguez fight in any major battles?
 
Historical Challenges
One of the deadliest weapons used during World War I was mustard gas. What is mustard gas and why was it such a deadly weapon? Is mustard gas still used in warfare today?
Why did the United States enter World War I? How many casualties did the U.S. suffer during the war?
Research the Jones Act. Why was this piece of legislation so important to Puerto Rican citizens?
 
Interdisciplinary Connections
Music: Read the lyrics of the song “The Green Fields of France” (use the website listed under Resources below). Discuss the number of casualties inflicted in World War I and how these casualties may have affected soldiers and civilians. Get a copy of the song and play it for the class.
 
Resources
http://www.worldwar1.com/, “Trenches on the Web.”
http://ingeb.org/songs/wellhowd.html
Lyrics to the World War I song “The Green Fields of France” by Eric Bogle
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/jonesact.html
Good research site on the Jones Act
http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/17.3.pdf
Details the history of Hispanics in all American wars
http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/reference/hisref.htm
New York State Library. "Selected Hispanic and Latino Websites."
 

Historical Context
Service records show biographical information about each soldier, including his address, his place of birth, the unit or units he served with, and any wounds he may have received.    

Latinos have made an outstanding contribution to America by serving in the armed forces.  Today, people of Spanish descent make up 9.5% of all active duty personnel.  Hispanic Americans have been recognized for their bravery and valor, and Latinos as a group have received thirty-nine Medals of Honor in recognition of their accomplished service in the defense of our nation.

There are many stories that demonstrate the gallantry of Hispanic soldiers during the Great War.  One such story involves a young private named Marcelino Serna. Private Serna was wounded on the battlefield in France, but continued to fight, and later captured twenty-four German soldiers.  Private Serna was later awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery in the service of his country.      

Latinos also volunteered in force during World War II.  Although records from this war are incomplete, it is estimated that over 250,000 Latinos fought in the Second World War.  Of these, 56,000 were from Puerto Rico.

 
Essential Question
How do immigrants become a part of a new society?
 
Check for Understanding
Summarize the information found in this document and explain how Carlos Rodriguez was a important member of American society.