New York State Archives
Throughout the Ages
A Visual Document Resource

History | Buffalo | Latino Communties

Image. Declaration of Intention for Miguel Angel Rojas, 1896.
Declaration of Intention of Miguel Angel Rojas, immigrant from Spain, to become a United States citizen. March 26, 1896. Filed in Erie County Court.

Spanish-speaking people have lived in Buffalo, New York since the late 1800s. The 1880 census lists sixteen Buffalo residents who immigrated from Spain; three each from Mexico, South America, and Central America; and four from Cuba. Although the exact year that Spanish immigrants started arriving in Buffalo is not known, national census data reveals that immigration from Spain increased greatly in 1864 and 1865, after the close of the Civil War. Spaniards who came to Buffalo settled in the Lackawanna area. They eventually formed social groups such as Las Amigas Leales and Los Buenos Vecinos, which held weekly meetings at the International Institute of Buffalo. By 1920, 140 Spaniards lived in the City of Buffalo. They organized to form the Spanish American Club in 1924, which sponsored sports and social events for the community.  

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