Sources Used

Published Sources

Published Books

Mackey, Frank, J. and Jernagan, Marcus, Wilson. (1937) Forward March. Vols. I and II.  Chicago: Disabled American Veterans of the World War.

Moore, William, E. and Russell, James, C. (1920) US Official Pictures of the World War.  Chicago: Regsteiner.

Stallings,Laurence. (1963) The Doughboys: The Story of the AEF. 1917-1918.  New York: Harper & Row.

Sweeney, Daniel, J. (1919) History of Buffalo and Erie County: 1914-1919.  Buffalo: The City of Buffalo.


East Aurora Advertiser. (East Aurora New York) May 10, 1917-January 9, 1919.

Electronic Sources

Trenches on the Web. “Posters”. Courtesy of Meehan Military Posters.  [], April 1997.

US Army “World War I Medal of Honor Recipients.” [], April 1997.


Unpublished Sources

Archived Manuscripts

Aurora Historical Society (East Aurora, New York). “Red Cross Picture Books of WWI Soldiers”

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. “102nd Trench Mortar Battery: Autobiography and Troop History by Charles Pearson.” A65-9 Folder 1.

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. Private papers. Diary of Frank Brayman.

New York State Archives. “Abstracts of World War I Military Service” File B0808.

New York State Archives, “Miscellaneous accounts and poems” of residents of Hamburg, New York who were World War I veterans. File AO412-42.

New York State Archives. “New York ‘Boys’ in the War.” File A0412-19, Box 33

Private Collections

Ernst family papers. Cablegram: 8/15/18

Parish Register. St. Mathias Episcopal Church, East Aurora, New York. “Marriages”. Vol. 3


Interview with Helen Clay Natale, niece of Arthur Clay. May 22, 1997.


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Sources Used in PDF format (Adobe Acrobat Reader required)